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Abingdon Historic District facts for kids

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Abingdon Historic District
Martha Washington Inn, June 2007
Abingdon Historic District is located in Virginia
Abingdon Historic District
Location in Virginia
Abingdon Historic District is located in the United States
Abingdon Historic District
Location in the United States
Location Both sides of Main St. between Cummings and Deadmore Sts.; Roughly bounded by Russell Rd. and Jackson St., Whites Mill Rd., E. Main and E. Park and W. Main Sts., and Academy Dr., Abingdon, Virginia
Area 159.5 acres (64.5 ha)
Built 1778 (1778)
Architectural style Colonial Revival, Bungalow/craftsman, Queen Anne
NRHP reference No. 70000831, 86002193 (Boundary Increase)
Quick facts for kids
Significant dates
Added to NRHP February 26, 1970, September 17, 1986 (Boundary Increase)
Sinking Spring Cemetery (2358819619)
Sinking Spring Cemetery, a contributing property to the district

Abingdon Historic District is a national historic district located at Abingdon, Washington County, Virginia. The district encompasses 145 contributing buildings, 2 contributing site, and 13 contributing structures in the town of Abingdon. It includes a variety of residential, commercial, and institutional buildings dating from the late-18th century to the mid-20th century. Notable contributing resources include Sinking Spring Cemetery, William King High School (1913), General Francis Preston House (1832), Martha Washington Inn, Barter Theatre, the Virginia House, Alexander Findlay House (1827), Gabriel Stickley House (c. 1830), Ann Berry House (c. 1830), Washington County Courthouse (1868), Rev. Charles Cummings House (c. 1773), and James Fields House (1857). Located in the district and separately listed are the Abingdon Bank and Dr. William H. Pitts House.

It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1970, with a boundary increase in 1986.

Representative buildings
Name Address Year Built Architectural Style Comments
Alexander Findlay House

Alexander Findlay House, Abingdon, VA.

101 Valley St., N.E. 1827 Federal This is the oldest surviving building on Valley Street
Gabriel Stickley House

Gabriel Stickley House, Abingdon, VA

239 Valley St., N.E. c. 1830 Federal Amongst the oldest surviving buildings on Valley Street
Daniel Trigg House

Daniel Trigg House, Abingdon, VA

210 Valley St., N.E. Early to mid 19th Century Vernacular Representative of mid 1800s middle class architecture
Daniel Musser House

Musser House, Abingdon, VA

247 Valley St., N.E. 1869 Italianate This house is one of several on Valley Street that was considered "fashionable", representing prosperity after the Civil War
David G. Thomas House

David G. Thomas House, Abingdon, VA

153 Valley St., N.E. 1870s Italianate This house is one of several on Valley Street that was considered "fashionable", representing prosperity after the Civil War

185-Valley-St.jpg 185-Valley-St-2.jpg

185 Valley St., N.E. 1900 Vernacular Representative of mid to late 1800s middle class architecture

152 Valley St., Abingdon, VA

152 Valley St., N.E. 1890s Vernacular Representative of late to mid 1800s middle class architecture

315 Valley St., Abingdon, VA

315 Valley St., N.E. 1890s Vernacular Representative of late to mid 1800s middle class architecture

337 Valley St., N.E., Abingdon, VA

337 Valley St., N.E. 1890s Modified Queen Anne

164 Valley St., N.W., Abingdon, VA

164 Valley St., N.W. 1890s Modified Queen Anne

125 Valley St., N.W., Abingdon, VA

125 Valley St., N.W. 1920s Colonial Revival

274 Valley St., N.W., Abingdon, VA

274 Valley St., N.W. c. 1900 Modified Queen Anne
Dr. William H. Pitts House

Doctor Pitts House, 247 E. Main St., Abingdon, VA

247 E. Main St. 1854 Greek Revival. Its exterior stucco walls are unique to the Abingdon Historic District Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2002
Washington County Courthouse

Washington County Courthouse, Abingdon, VA

N.W. corner of N. Court and E. Main St. 1868 Building has four Greek Doric Columns, and an Italianate cornice and tower. Three earlier courthouses stood on this site, the first constructed in 1800. Present building replaced previous that was burned during the Civil War.
Abingdon Bank

Abingdon Bank, 225 E. Main St., Abingdon, VA

225 E. Main St., Abingdon, VA c. 1845 Greek revival/Late Victorian architecture Originally housed a resident cashier and his family in one section, and bank, counting room, and vault in the other.
Fields-Penn House

Fields Penn House, 208 W. Main St., Abingdon, VA

208 W. Main St. 1860 Georgian proportions and Greek revival elements In 1971, the Penn family sold the home to the Penn House Preservation Foundation, which later conveyed it to the Town of Abingdon. The William King Regional Arts Center managed the home beginning in 1995. Today, the Fields-Penn 1860 House museum is operated by the Town of Abingdon
The Tavern

The Tavern, 222 E. Main, Abingdon, VA

222 E. Main St. 1779 This is the oldest building in Abingdon. During the past two centuries, The Tavern has served as a tavern, bank, bakery, general store, cabinet shop, barber shop, private residence, post office, antique shop and restaurant. It also served as a hospital for wounded Confederate and Union soldiers during the Civil War.
Sinking Spring Presbyterian Church

Sinking Spring Presbyterian Church, Abingdon, VA

136 E. Main St. 1851 Greek Revival First located at the Sinking Spring Cemetery in the early 1700s, the first Presbyterian Church was a log structure. The congregation was moved to what is now known as the Barter Theater in 1833. In 1837 the church divided, and one group moved to the present location
Barter Theater

Barter Theater, 127 West Main Street, Abingdon, VA

127 W. Main St. Early-mid 1800s Unclassified The earliest theatrical event known to occur here was a production of the Virginian on January 14, 1876. In 1890, the Sons of Temperance transferred the building's title to the Town of Abingdon, to be used as a town hall for the benefit of the citizenry. It opened as a theater on June 10, 1933. It is one of the longest-running professional theaters in the nation.In 1933, when the country was in the middle of the Great Depression, most patrons were not able to pay the full ticket price. Robert Porterfield, founder of the theatre, offered admission by letting the local people pay with food goods, hence the name "Barter".
Martha Washington Inn

Martha Washington Inn, 150 W. Main St., Abington, VA

150 W. Main St. 1832 Unclassified It was built as a private residence for General Francis Preston and Sarah Buchanan Preston and their nine children. The original brick residence still comprises the central structure of The Martha Washington Hotel and the original living room of the Preston family is now the main lobby of the hotel. In 1858 the Preston family home was purchased for the mansion to become an upscale college for young women. The school was named Martha Washington College. The college operated for over 70 years through the years of the Civil War and the Great Depression. During the Civil War the grounds became training barracks for the Washington Mounted Rifles. Union and Confederate troops were involved in frequent skirmishes in and around Abingdon with the College serving as a makeshift hospital for the wounded, both Confederate and Union. The Martha was closed in 1932. In 1935, The Martha Washington opened as a hotel
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