Abol Tabol facts for kids
Cover page of the book.
|Publisher||U. Ray and Sons|
|September 19, 1923|
|Text||Abol Tabol at Wikisource|
Abol tabol (Bengali: আবোল তাবোল; ; literally "The Weird and the Absurd") is a collection of Bengali children's poems and rhymes composed by Sukumar Ray, first published on 19 September 1923 by U. Ray and Sons publishers. It consists of 46 titled and seven untitled short rhymes (quatrains), all considered to be in the genre of nonsense literature.
Bengali readers were exposed to a new nonsense fantasy world by the poems in Abol Tabol. This selection offers the best of Sukumar Ray's world of pun-riddled poetry.
Although it was not understood at the time of its publication, many poems in Abol Tabol contain skilfully hidden satire on the state of society and administration of early 20th-century colonial India - mostly Bengal. Embedding implied hidden meanings of a subversive nature in nonsense rhymes for children, was Ray's clever way of subverting press censorship by the then British administration in India, which was paranoid about seditious and subversive literature.
In analytical literature since 2017, the poems in Abol Tabol have been plotted on a timeline and compared with contemporaneous events, research having yielded plausible connections between historical events and the commentary and satire hidden in many of the poems.
His collection had several characters which became legendary in Bengali literature and culture. Some characters even have found idiomatic usage in the language.
Some of the most famous characters in "Abol tabol" are:
- Katth Buro (Poem: Katth Buro)
- Head Officer Burrobabu (Poem: Gnof Churi)
- Kumro Potash (Poem: Kumro Potash)
- Gangaram (Poem: Sat Patro)
- Chandidaser Khuroe (Poem: Khuror Kal)
- Bombagorer Raja (Poem: Bombagorer Raja)
- Hnukumukho Hyangla (Poem: Hnukumukho Hyangla)
- Ramgorurer Chhana (Poem: Ramgorurer Chhana)
- Tnyash Goru (Poem: Tnyash Goru)
- Shashtthi Charan (Poem: Palowan)
- Panto Bhoot (Poem: Bhooturey Khela)
- Nera (Poem: Nera Beltolay Jay Kobar)
- Katukutu Buro (Poem: Katukutu Buro)
English Translations of Abol Tabol, in reverse chronological order (newest first).
Rhymes of Whimsy - The Complete Abol Tabol, Translated by Niladri Roy, Haton Cross Press. First published 2017. Second Edition 2020.
- This is the only complete translation of all the 53 poems.
- The second edition incorporates the original illustrations by Sukumar Ray, replacing those in the first edition which had been drawn anew.
- There is also a dual-language edition of this book with side-by-side Bengali originals and their English translations. Haton Cross Press, 2017
The Tenth Rasa: An Anthology of Indian Nonsense, edited by Michael Heyman, with Sumanyu Satpathy and Anushka Ravishankar. New Delhi: Penguin, 2007.
- This volume includes, among other Indian nonsense texts, several translations of Sukumar Ray by Chattarji, including some that are not in her solo edition of Abol Tabol.
Abol Tabol: The Nonsense World of Sukumar Ray. Translated by Sampurna Chattarji. New Delhi: Puffin, 2004.
- This edition, a partial translation, also has works from Khapchhada, Bohurupee, Other Stories, Haw-Jaw-Baw-Raw-Law, Khai-Khai, and Pagla Dashu.
The Select Nonsense of Sukumar Ray. Translated by Sukanta Chaudhuri. New Delhi: OUP, 1987.
- The standard edition of Abol Tabol translations (partial) for many years.
Nonsense Rhymes. Translated by Satyajit Ray. Calcutta: Writer's Workshop, 1970.
- This volume by the author's son is the slimmest and is difficult to find. Partial translation.
Analytical Works about Abol Tabol, in reverse chronological order (newest first).
Rhymes of Whimsy - The Complete Abol Tabol, with Analyses & Commentary by Niladri Roy, Haton Cross Press. First published 2017. Second Edition 2020.
- Contains analyses of all the poems, with explanations of hidden satire.
- The second edition contains approximately 20% more content and introduces substantially revised and entirely newly discovered information in the analyses.
Fantastic Beasts and How to Sketch Them: The Fabulous Bestiary of Sukumar Ray, by Poushali Bhadury. (South Asian Review, Vol. 34, No. 1, 2013.)
- Analytical reviews of some of Sukumar Ray's illustrations that accompanied his poems in Abol Tabol, and how they complement the verse.
Colonial India in Children’s Literature, by Supriya Goswami. Routledge, 2012
- This volume includes brief analysis of some of the poems in Abol Tabol. It also analyzes other contemporaneous books.
The World of Sukumar Ray, by Sukanta Chaudhuri in Telling Tales: Children’s Literature in India, Ed. Amit Dasgupta. New Age International Publishers Ltd. Wiley Eastern Ltd. New Delhi, India 1995, 88-96.
- Commentary on some of the poems in Abol Tabol
Abol Tabol Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.