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Aesop Rock
Aesop Rock Capitol Hill 2007 DSC 0202.jpg
Aesop Rock performing in 2007
Background information
Birth name Ian Matthias Bavitz
Born (1976-06-05) June 5, 1976 (age 47)
Syosset, New York, U.S.
Origin Northport, New York, U.S.
Genres Hip hop
  • Rapper
  • songwriter
  • record producer
Years active 1996–present
  • Definitive Jux
  • Mush
  • Rhymesayers
  • Stones Throw

Ian Matthias Bavitz (born June 5, 1976), better known by his stage name Aesop Rock, is an American rapper and producer from Long Island, New York. He was at the forefront of the new wave of underground and alternative hip hop acts that emerged during the late 1990s and early 2000s. He was signed to El-P's Definitive Jux label until it went on hiatus in 2010. In a 2010 retrospective, betterPropaganda ranked him at number 19 at the Top 100 Artists of the Decade.

He released his first album, Music for Earthworms, in 1997, with Float following three years later. Labor Days, his third studio album, was released in September 2001. His next release came two years later, titled Bazooka Tooth, released in September 2003. His fourth studio album, None Shall Pass, was released in August 2007. Its titular song became one of Ian's most popular and well-known songs. His sixth record, Skelethon, was released in July 2012. His seventh release, The Impossible Kid, came out in April 2016. His eighth album, Spirit World Field Guide, came out in November 2020, with his ninth album, Garbology, released in November 2021. Integrated Tech Solutions, his tenth album, was released in November 2023.

He was a member of the groups The Weathermen, Hail Mary Mallon, and the Uncluded, and is currently the vocalist of duo Malibu Ken.

Regarding his name, he said: "I acquired the name Aesop from a movie I had acted in with some friends. It was my character's name and it sort of stuck. The rock part came later just from throwing it in rhymes."

Early life and education

Early and personal life

Bavitz was born at Syosset Hospital in Syosset, New York, and raised in Northport, Long Island, New York to his father Paul and mother Jameija. Ian has two brothers: Christopher T. Bavitz (born 1973), a clinical professor at Harvard Law School and director of Cyberlaw Clinic at the Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society, and Graham J. Bavitz (born 1978). Along with his siblings, Ian was raised Catholic, but he later became agnostic. Bavitz attended Northport High School in 1990 and graduated in 1994. In 2005, he married Allyson Baker, guitarist and vocalist of rock band Dirty Ghosts; they resided in San Francisco, but have since divorced.

1994–1998: College

After graduating from high school, Bavitz attended Boston University in Massachusetts where he studied visual arts. He acquired his bachelor's in 1998. He met his future collaborator, Blockhead, in 1994 during the latter's only year at the school. After hearing Aesop Rock freestyle, Blockhead decided to forgo his own dreams of rapping in favor of focusing on production. Blockhead was involved with a crew in New York called The Overground that included Dub-L. During his early adulthood, Aesop Rock held various odd jobs including positions answering phones for clothing catalogs, packaging artwork in art gallery storerooms and working for one-hour photo developers.


1985–2001: New York City underground music scene

As a youth, Bavitz and his family would usually commute to New York City. This had a great impact on him and the way he viewed the hip hop culture. Bavitz began rapping in the early 1990s. He cites Public Enemy, BDP, KMD, and Run DMC as early influences. Bavitz also listened to rock acts such as Dead Kennedys, Fugazi, and Ministry; he was introduced to these groups by his older brother Chris. Bavitz started to play the piano and bass at an early age and eventually acquired a sampler.

While attending college, Bavitz initially recorded and released two self-financed efforts, Music for Earthworms (1997), a full-length featuring underground artist Percee P on two tracks. Bavitz also released a music video for "Abandon All Hope", which was one of the tracks on the CD. The album sold over 300 copies, largely from a grassroots internet-based promotion at his website and then-popular web portal, With the money he made from his previous release, he then released his Appleseed EP in 1999 which received critical acclaim in the underground hip-hop circuit. His early records were mostly produced by his long-time friend Blockhead and underground producer Dub-L.

After his breakthrough success in the underground hip hop and indie rap community, he was eventually noticed by the Mush label and obtained his first record deal in 1999, just a year after he graduated from college. Aesop released his first major album, Float (2000), with guest appearances from Vast Aire, Slug, and Dose One. Production was split between Blockhead and Aesop himself, with one track by Omega One. During this time, Aesop worked at a photography gallery. In August 2001, Bavitz had a nervous breakdown. The song "One of Four" on his Daylight EP documents his struggles.

2001–2004: Labor Days, Daylight EP, and Bazooka Tooth

Shortly after releasing Float, Aesop Rock signed to Manhattan-based label Definitive Jux (commonly shortened to Def Jux), where he released Labor Days (2001), an album dedicated to the discussion of labor in American society and the concept of "wage slaves". This album was most well known for its single "Daylight". Because of its popularity, Daylight was re-released in 2002 as a seven-track EP, including an "alternative" new version of the song "Night Light", whose paraphrased lyrics simultaneously refer back to, and stand in stark opposition to, the original's. The song "Labor" (from Labor Days) was featured in Tony Hawk's Pro Skater 4; it also was the first album in his catalog to break through the Billboard charts, peaking at number 15 at the United States Independent Charts.

Aesop Rock live
Aesop Rock performing in 2006

Labor Days was followed by Bazooka Tooth in 2003. For the first time, production was mostly handled by Bavitz himself, with three tracks from longtime collaborator Blockhead and one from close friend and Definitive Jux label CEO El-P. Guest appearances include Party Fun Action Committee, El-P, and Mr. Lif (all Definitive Jux labelmates) and Camp Lo. With this release Aesop hit a higher level of recognition, releasing "No Jumper Cables" as a single and music video, then another single, "Freeze", shortly after. A remix of "No Jumper Cables" was featured on Tony Hawk's Underground 2, furthering Aesop's recognition. In 2004, he released Build Your Own Bazooka Tooth and created a contest in which contestants had to create a remix of an Aesop Rock song using the a cappellas and instrumentals.

2005–2007: Fast Cars EP, None Shall Pass and Nike+iPod

In February 2005, Aesop Rock released a new EP, Fast Cars, Danger, Fire and Knives. The first pressing of the EP included an 88-page booklet with lyrics from every release from Float until this EP (the lyric booklet is titled The Living Human Curiosity Sideshow); later pressings of the album come without the booklet, but with an additional bonus track, "Facemelter". In addition, a limited number of albums were available direct from Def Jux with Aesop Rock's graffiti tag on them. In response to demands from his fans, Bavitz did less production on the EP; three songs are produced by Blockhead, three produced by Aesop, and one by Rob Sonic. During this time, he was asked to join The Weathermen to replace Vast Aire.

Aesop Rock was commissioned to create a 45-minute instrumental track for the Nike+iPod running system, entitled All Day. It was released in February 2007. Distributed via the iTunes Music Store and featuring Allyson Baker on guitar and with scratches from DJ Big Wiz, Aesop has described the release as "something that evolved enough that the sound was constantly fresh and attractive, as though the runner were moving through a set of differing cities or landscapes."

All Day was followed in August of the same year by Bavitz's fifth full-length album, None Shall Pass, released in 2007. The album contained original art by Jeremy Fish, whose work Rock set to a slideshow backed by a track titled "Tomorrow Morning". It was exhibited in San Francisco and was available for download online. None Shall Pass had positive reviews from critics and fans, applauding Aesop for his change in sound.

2008–2014: Skelethon and collaborations

After None Shall Pass, Aesop Rock did not release any solo projects for several years. During this period, Definitive Jux began its indefinite hiatus; thus, Aesop Rock's next album, Skelethon, was instead released through Rhymesayers Entertainment. The album was released on July 10, 2012, and preceded by the single "Zero Dark Thirty". After Skelethon's release, Aesop Rock toured the United States to promote the album. He also performed on the first day of Coachella 2013.

During Bavitz's hiatus from solo recording, he continued to collaborate with other musicians. In 2009, he produced Felt's third album, Felt 3: A Tribute to Rosie Perez. He later joined frequent collaborators Rob Sonic and DJ Big Wiz to form the group Hail Mary Mallon, through which he released two albums: 2011's Are You Gonna Eat That? and 2014's Bestiary. Aesop Rock's collaborations during this period also include the establishment of the Uncluded, a group he formed alongside anti-folk singer Kimya Dawson of the Moldy Peaches. The Uncluded released their debut album, Hokey Fright, on May 7, 2013, and subsequently supported it with a tour that included Rhymesayers' 2013 Summerfest.

2016–present: The Impossible Kid, Malibu Ken, Spirit World Field Guide, and Integrated Tech Solutions

In February 2016, Aesop Rock released a music video for the song "Rings" and announced his seventh studio album The Impossible Kid, which was released on April 29, 2016. "Rings" was featured in the video game Madden NFL 17.

In 2017, Aesop Rock scored his first film soundtrack for Bushwick. In January 2019, Aesop Rock collaborated with electronic musician Tobacco under the name Malibu Ken. The duo released a self-titled album in the same month. In late 2020, Aesop announced his eighth solo album, titled Spirit World Field Guide, along with the release of the album's first single, "The Gates". In October 2021, Aesop announced a reunion with his former producer Blockhead with the album titled Garbology. The album was released on November 12 of the same year.

On December 9, 2022, Aesop Rock released the song "Pumpkin Seeds" featuring the Chicago rapper Lupe Fiasco and produced by Blockhead. The song is a fundraiser for the Collaboratory, an organization promoting two local DIY skateparks in Dayton, Ohio.

On September 14, 2023, Aesop Rock announced the release date of his ninth solo studio album Integrated Tech Solutions, which was released on November 10, 2023. That same day, he released the single "Mindful Solutionism" along with an accompanying music video. In October 2023, he released two singles that are expected to appear on Integrated Tech Solutions; "By the River" on October 5 and "Infinity Fill Goose Down" on October 26.


Bavitz's lyrics are generally seen as being both complex and abstract while others dismiss them as verbose. His frequent use of homonyms exacerbates this. Critics state that the use of words can be so detailed that it becomes difficult to determine any meaning. The lyrics are sometimes inspired by events which have occurred in Bavitz's personal life and are thus naturally prone to subjective interpretation by outsiders.

In 2002, on the song "One of Four" (a hidden track on the Daylight EP) Aesop Rock explains:

In May 2014, a study by Matt Daniels found that Aesop Rock's vocabulary in his music surpassed 85 other major hip-hop and rap artists, as well as Shakespeare's works and Herman Melville's Moby Dick; he was cited as having the largest vocabulary in hip hop. To build up his vocabulary, he reads a lot of news and science articles and writes down all the words he finds interesting. Analysis of his lyrics identified him as the rapper with the most expansive vocabulary; using the most unique words in a rapper's first 35,000 lyrics, he had 7,839 unique words.


  • Float (2000)
  • Labor Days (2001)
  • Bazooka Tooth (2003)
  • None Shall Pass (2007)
  • Skelethon (2012)
  • The Impossible Kid (2016)
  • Spirit World Field Guide (2020)
  • Garbology (2021) (with Blockhead)
  • Integrated Tech Solutions (2023)


Year Film Role Notes
2003 Sad Clown Bad Dub IV Himself – Credited as "Ian Bavitz" Video documentary with Atmosphere
2005 Letter to the President Himself – Recording Artist Video documentary
2005 The Warriors Rouges Video game; voice acting role
2006 Hip Hop Street Credentials Himself Video documentary
2007 My Shot With... Himself Appears in "Bonnaroo" episode.
2008 Engine Room Judge Miscellaneous Crew
2010 Blacking Up: Hip-Hop's Remix of Race and Identity Himself Television documentary
2010 Independent Lens Himself Episode 1111: "Copyright Criminals"

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Aesop Rock para niños

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