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Ali Pasha
Ali Pasha
Pasha of Yanina
In office
Personal details
Born 1740
Beçisht, Ottoman Empire (now Albania)
Died 1822 (aged 81–82)
Ioannina, Ottoman Empire (now Greece)
Relations Veli Bey (father)
Chamko/Hamko (mother)
Muhtar Bey (grandfather)
Islam Bey (father's cousin)
Muhtar Pasha (son)
Veli Pasha (son)
Salih Pasha (son)
Parents Veli Bey and Hanka
Nicknames "Aslan" (Turkish: Lion)
"Lion of Yannina"
"Muslim Bonaparte"

Ali Pasha of Tepelena or of Yannina, the "Lion of Yannina", (1740 – January 24, 1822) was an Albanian ruler (pasha) of the western part of Rumelia, the Ottoman Empire's European territory which was also called Pashalik of Janina. His court was in Ioannina.

Ali first appears in historical accounts as the leader of a band of brigands who became involved in many confrontations with Ottoman state officials in Albania and Epirus.

He joined the administrative-military apparatus of the Ottoman Empire, holding various posts until 1788 when he was appointed pasha, ruler of the sanjak of Ioannina. His diplomatic and administrative skills, his interest in modernist ideas and concepts, his popular piety, his religious neutrality, his suppression of banditry, his vengefulness and harshness in imposing law and order, and his looting practices towards persons and communities in order to increase his proceeds caused both the admiration and the criticism of his contemporaries, as well as an ongoing controversy among historians regarding his personality.

Finally falling afoul of the Ottoman central government, Ali Pasha was declared a rebel in 1820 and was killed in 1822 at the age of 81 or 82. In Western literature, Ali Pasha became the personification of a despot.

His name in the local languages was: Albanian: Ali Pashë Tepelena, Aromanian: Ali Pãshelu, Greek: Αλή Πασάς Τεπελενλής Ali Pasas Tepelenlis or Αλή Πασάς των Ιωαννίνων Ali Pasas ton Ioanninon (Ali Pasha of Ioannina) and Turkish: Tepedelenli Ali Paşa.

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