Butrint facts for kids
Theatre of Buthrotum
|Location||Vlorë County, Albania|
|Periods||Antiquity and Middle Ages|
|Archaeologists||Luigi Maria Ugolini and Hasan Ceka|
|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|Inscription||1992 (16th Session)|
|Endangered||1997 to 2005|
|Official name: Butrint|
|Designated:||28 March 2003|
Butrint (Latin: Buthrōtum; from Ancient Greek: Βουθρωτόν and Βουθρωτός 'Bouthrōtón') was an ancient Greek and later Roman city and bishopric in Epirus. The city is considered as one of the most important archaeological sites in Albania. With its vast cultural, historical and natural value with a considerable history, Butrint became part of UNESCO World Heritage site in 1992. It became a National Park in 2000.
Buthrotum was a city of the Epirote tribe of the Chaonians. It started declining in Late Antiquity. It later became abandoned during the Middle Ages after a major earthquake flooded most of the city.
It is now an archeological site in Vlorë County, Albania. It is about 14 kilometres south of Sarandë and close to the Greek border. It is located on a hill overlooking the Vivari Channel, and is part of the Butrint National Park.
The construction was somewhat of an environmental disaster. It one point, it threatened Butrint's World Heritage Site status. The ancient city is becoming a popular tourist destination. It attracts day-trippers from the nearby Greek holiday island of Corfu. Hydrofoils (30 minutes) and ferries (90 minutes) run daily between the New Port in Corfu Town and Saranda.
Many visitors from Corfu use chartered coach services to visit Butrint from Sarandë. A regular public bus service runs between Sarandë port and Butrint. Others arrive from the Qafe Bote border crossing with Greece near Konispol and cross the Vivari Channel by the cable ferry at Butrint.
- Saint Therinus, 3rd-century saint
- Donatus of Euroea, 4th-century saint
- Ceka N., Butrint: A guide to the city and its monuments (Migjeni Books) Tirana 2005)
- Crowson A., "Butrint from the Air", in Current World Archaeology 14 (2006).
- Hansen, Inge Lyse and Richard Hodges, eds., Roman Butrint: An Assessment. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 2007.
- Richard Hodges and Matthew Logue, "The Mid-Byzantine Re-Birth of Butrint", Minerva 18, #3 (May/June 2007): 41–43.
- A. M. Liberati, L. Miraj, I. Pojani, F. Sear, J. Wilkes and B. Polci, ed. by O. J. Gilkes. The Theatre at Butrint. Luigi Maria Ugolini's Excavations at Butrint 1928-1932, (Albania Antica IV) (Supplementary volume no. 35. Published by the British School at Athens, 2003).
- Jarrett A. Lobell, Ages of Albania (Archeology magazine March/April 2006)
- Ugolini L. M., Butrinto il Mito D'Enea, gli Scavi. Rome: Istituto Grefico Tiberino, 1937 (reprint Tirana: Istituto Italiano di Cultura, 1999)
Images for kids
Butrint theatre on the reverse of a 2012 2000 Lekë banknote
Butrint Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.