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Amir Khadir
Amir Khadir 2012-08-09 C.jpg
Member of the National Assembly of Quebec for Mercier
In office
December 8, 2008 – October 18, 2018
Preceded by Daniel Turp
Succeeded by Ruba Ghazal
Personal details
Born (1961-06-12) 12 June 1961 (age 62)
Tehran, Iran
Political party Provincial
Québec solidaire (present)
UFP (2002–2006)
RAP (1997–2002)
Bloc Québécois (2000)
Spouse(s) Nimâ Machouf
Residence(s) Montreal
Alma mater McGill University
Université Laval
Université de Montréal
Cégep du Vieux Montréal
Profession Physician, Microbiologist

Amir Khadir (Persian: امیر خدیر; born June 12, 1961) is a Canadian politician in the National Assembly of Quebec (MNA), Canada for the electoral district of Mercier, and the first male spokesperson for Québec solidaire, a sovereigntist and left-wing political party which was created by the merger of the Union des Forces Progressistes and Option Citoyenne, a feminist political movement, in February 2006.

On December 8, 2008, Khadir became the first, and at that time, only elected representative for Québec solidaire in the general election in Quebec. In 2012, Françoise David was elected in Gouin, making her the second elected representative for Québec solidaire.

Khadir served alongside David as Quebec solidaire's spokespersons and de facto leaders from the party's founding until November 2012, when he stepped down to allow the party to choose a new male co-spokesperson from outside the legislature in accordance with party statutes. "It's the logical next step. First, for a party that considers itself feminist, it would be fairly contradictory to finally have a female deputy of Françoise's quality in the National Assembly and not have her be the spokesperson," Khadir said.


Khadir was born in Tehran, Iran in 1961 and emigrated to Canada at the age of ten. He was involved in many humanitarian organizations such as Médecins du Monde.

He studied physics at the undergraduate level at Université de Montréal and subsequently at the graduate level at McGill University. He then studied medicine at Université Laval.

A medical specialist in infectious microbiology, he practiced at the Centre hospitalier Pierre-Le-Gardeur in Lachenaie, a section of the city of Terrebonne. Khadir is a member of the Coalition des Médecins pour la Justice Sociale (Coalition of Doctors for Social Justice), which opposes the privatization of the Quebec health care system. He has led missions to Iraq, Afghanistan, and the Palestinian territories for Médecins du Monde, and until 2004 he presided over the administrative council of SUCO, which stands for Solidarité-Union-Coopération.

Khadir is married to Nimâ Machouf. They have three children named Daria, Yalda, and Leyli. During the 2012 Quebec student protests, Yalda, along with several other demonstrators, was arrested for blocking the Champlain Bridge on March 12 and the Jacques Cartier Bridge on May 15.


Khadir worked with the Yes side in the 1980 sovereignty referendum.

Khadir was a member of the Rassemblement pour une alternative politique (RAP) from its inception in 1997 and took part in the founding of the Union des Forces Progressistes in June 2002 and at one point was the spokesperson for the party.

In the fall of 2005, Khadir signed the Manifesto for a Québec based on solidarity.

In August 2010, Khadir was a signatory of an open letter to French President Nicolas Sarkozy urging that France pay almost $23-billion in slavery reparations to help Haiti rebuild following the 2010 Haiti earthquake.

Boycott of Le Marcheur

In December 2010, Khadir participated in protests organized by the Palestinian and Jewish Unity (PAJU) that were held outside the Boutique Le Marcheur, a shoe store in Montreal, because the store sells shoes made in Israel. The protesters stated that they would continue to demonstrate outside the store until it stops selling shoes made in Israel. The store's owners, Yves Archambault and Ginette Auger, dismissed the protest, stating that "No one – no one is going to dictate to me what to sell." Archambault sharply criticized Khadir, stating that he found it "horrible" that his MNA representative was verbally inciting customers not to enter his store. Archambault responded that Israeli products constitute only 2% of his store's goods, but announced that he would not give in to the protesters' demands.

On February 9, 2011, a motion was brought forward in the Quebec National Assembly to condemn the boycott of Le Marcheur. Khadir was the sole MNA to vote against it and prevent its being debated (unanimity is required for such a motion to go to debate). Several members of the National Assembly's other three parties: François Bonnardel of the Action Démocratique du Québec, Parti Québécois MNA Martin Lemay and Liberal party member Lawrence Bergman subsequently visited the store to show their support and demonstrate their opposition to the boycott.

Khadir later defended his support for boycotts of Israeli products but insisted there had been a "terrible misunderstanding" between himself and Archambault. Khadir denied that he asked people not to enter the store but stated that he only informed customers about the boycott. Khadir subsequently claimed that he misunderstood the nature of the protest, despite the clear message on the pamphlet he held while taking part (the pamphlet said "Boycott Le Marcheur" and vowed to continue the campaign until the store stopped selling Israeli products). Khadir also stated that he now regrets taking part and that he wants people to boycott the products, not the merchant. In an email release, Khadir stated that "I would have hoped the owner would be sensitive to the ethical issues of business and would join the boycott, but that is not the case, which is his right."

Electoral record

Quebec general election, 2014: Mercier
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Québec solidaire Amir Khadir 13,228 46.19 -0.75
Liberal Richard Sagala 6,593 23.02 +9.52
Parti Québécois Sylvie Legault 5,872 20.5 -3.05
Coalition Avenir Québec Alain Clavet 2,400 8.38 -2.63
Option nationale Martin Servant 228 0.8 -1.58
Bloc Pot Hate's Deslandes 189 0.66
Independent Roger Hughes 129 0.45
Total valid votes 28,639 98.75
Total rejected ballots 362 1.25
Turnout 29,001 72.41 -3.86
Electors on the lists 40,052
Quebec general election, 2012: Mercier
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Québec solidaire Amir Khadir 14,164 46.73 +8.84
Parti Québécois Jean Poirier 7,137 23.55 -10.87
Liberal Anne Pâquet 4,091 13.50 -7.84
Coalition Avenir Québec Julie Boncompain 3,336 11.01 +8.52*
Green David Kovaks 859 2.83 -0.77
Option nationale Nic Payne 722 2.38
Total valid votes 30,309 99.18
Total rejected ballots 252 0.82
Turnout 30,561 76.27 +20.25
Electors on the lists 40,069

* Result compared to Action démocratique

Quebec general election, 2008: Mercier
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Québec solidaire Amir Khadir 8,597 37.89 +8.51
Parti Québécois Daniel Turp 7,787 34.32 +0.97
Liberal Catherine Émond 4,842 21.34 +1.52
Green Olivier Adam 818 3.60 −4.88
Action démocratique Élisa Fortin-Toutant 565 2.49 −5.93
Parti indépendantiste Jean-Marc Labrèche 83 0.37
Total valid votes 22,692 99.02
Total rejected ballots 224 0.98
Turnout 22,916 56.02
Electors on the lists 40,907
Source: Official Results, Le Directeur général des élections du Québec:
Quebec general election, 2007: Mercier
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Parti Québécois Daniel Turp 9,426 33.35 −11.91
Québec solidaire Amir Khadir 8,303 29.38 +11.46
Liberal Nathalie Rochefort 5,601 19.82 −8.74
Green Sylvain Valiquette 2,398 8.48
Action démocratique Gabriel Tupula Yamba 2,381 8.42 +2.12
Bloc Pot Nicky Tanguay 156 0.55 −1.42
Total valid votes 28,265 99.17
Total rejected ballots 237 0.83
Turnout 28,502 69.32
Electors on the lists 41,115
Source: Official Results, Le Directeur général des élections du Québec:
Quebec general election, 2003: Mercier
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Parti Québécois Daniel Turp 13,334 45.26 +16.64
Liberal Nathalie Rochefort 8,414 28.56 −6.10
UFP Amir Khadir 5,278 17.92 -
Action démocratique Vivian Goulder 1,855 6.30 +0.03
Bloc Pot Lyne Rivard 579 1.97 −3.21
Total valid votes 29,460 100,00
Parti Québécois gain from Liberal Swing +11.37
Source: Official Results, Le Directeur général des élections du Québec:

Earlier, in the federal election of 2000, Khadir ran as a Bloc Québécois candidate in the riding of Outremont. He received 28% of the vote and finished second against Liberal incumbent Martin Cauchon.

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