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Beecher Falls-East Hereford Border Crossing facts for kids

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Beecher Falls-East Hereford Border Crossing
Beecher Falls border station approach.jpg
Approach to the Beecher Falls Vermont Border Inspection Station
Location
Country United States; Canada
Location US Port: Vermont 253 Beecher Falls, Vermont 05902 Canadian Port: Highway 253, East Hereford, Quebec J1B 1SO
Coordinates 45°00′48″N 71°30′19″W / 45.013376°N 71.505353°W / 45.013376; -71.505353
Details
Opened 1926
US Phone (802) 266-3336
Canadian Phone (819) 844-2243
Hours Open 24 Hours (Canadian station only open business hours Sunday-Friday for commercial traffic)
Website
Official Canadian web site
Official US web site

The Beecher Falls-East Hereford Border Crossing connects the towns of East Hereford, Quebec (formerly Comins Mills) and the village of Beecher Falls, Vermont on the Canada–US border. Both Canadian and US stations are open 24 hours a day; the Canadian station is only open for commercial traffic on a more limited basis. The US station facilities, built in the 1930s, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2014.

Setting

The US-Canada border between the province of Quebec and the state of Vermont is basically a straight east-west line, whose eastern end is at Halls Stream, a south-flowing tributary of the Connecticut River. The Vermont village of Beecher Falls is located just west of the mouth of Halls Stream; its northernmost business, a manufacturing facility of the Ethan Allen Furniture Company, directly abuts the border between Vermont Route 253 and Halls Stream. The Quebec side of the border is rural, with woods and fields in the immediate vicinity.

The crossing point is formed by the junction of Vermont Route 253 and Quebec Route 253. A line house and hotel once stood on the boundary line at this crossing during Prohibition.

Canadian station

US station

The US station is located abutting the border on the west side of Vermont 253, opposite the Ethan Allen plant. Its main building is a 1-1/2 story brick Georgian Revival building, with a dormered gambrel roof and end chimneys. A metal porte-cochere extends across two lanes to shelter vehicles as they are processed. The front facade of the building is five bays wide, with a central entrance flanked by sash windows. Single-story wings, formerly housing four bays of inspection garages, extend to either side of the main block. Two of the left-side bays have been enclosed, and now house restroom facilities. The interior of the main block is symmetrically divided into areas for processing customs on one side and immigration on the other, with additional office space and holding cells on the attic level.

The station was built in 1932, as part of a general US government program to improve border security. This program was prompted by changes in immigration law resulting in increased illegal immigration, as well as the increased use of the automobile for personal travel and an increase in smuggling occasioned by Prohibition in the 1920s. The station is a little-altered version of one of several standardized designs produced by the United States Treasury Department Architect as part of the program.

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