Bernard Lown facts for kids
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Lown at the dedication of the Bernard Lown Peace Bridge, 2008
June 7, 1921
|Died||February 16, 2021
Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, United States
|Alma mater||University of Maine
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
|Known for||Developer of the defibrillator
Co-founder of the International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War
|Fields||Cardiologist, anti-nuclear war activist|
|Institutions||Harvard School of Public Health
Brigham and Women’s Hospital
|Doctoral advisor||Samuel A. Levine|
Bernard Lown (June 7, 1921 – February 16, 2021) was a Lithuanian-born American cardiologist and anti-nuclear war activist. He was the original developer of the DC defibrillator and the cardioverter, as well as a recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.
Lown developed the direct current defibrillator for cardiac resuscitation and the cardioverter for correcting rapid disordered heart rhythms, and introduced a new use for the drug lidocaine to control heartbeat disturbances. Throughout his medical career, Lown focused on two major medical challenges: the problem of sudden cardiac death and the role of psychological stress on the cardiovascular system. His investigations led to many medical break-throughs.
His work made possible and safe much of modern cardiac surgery, as well as a host of other innovations.
In 1985, Lown accepted the Nobel Peace Prize on behalf of the International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, an organization he co-founded with Soviet cardiologist Dr. Yevgeny Chazov, who later was Minister Of Health of the USSR.
Lown was born to a Jewish family in Utena, Lithuania, the son of a rabbi. He was raised in Lewiston, Maine. Lown studied at the University of Maine and at Johns Hopkins University. He was married to Louise Lown. They had three children.
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