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Bursledon Windmill
BursledonWindmill.jpg
Hampshire's only working windmill
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Origin
Mill name Bursledon Mill
Mill location Bursledon, Eastleigh, Hampshire
Grid reference SU 482 108
Coordinates 50°53′42″N 1°18′54″W / 50.894916°N 1.315001°W / 50.894916; -1.315001Coordinates: 50°53′42″N 1°18′54″W / 50.894916°N 1.315001°W / 50.894916; -1.315001
Operator(s) Hampshire Cultural Trust
Year built 1814
Information
Purpose Corn mill
Type tower mill
Storeys Five storeys
No. of sails Four sails
Type of sails Common sails
Windshaft Wood
Winding Hand winded via chain and wheel
No. of pairs of millstones Three
Other information
Listed Building – Grade II
Designated 14 February 1983
Reference no. 1281479

Bursledon Windmill is a Grade II* listed windmill in Bursledon, Hampshire, England which has been restored to working order.

Description

For an explanation of the various pieces of machinery, see Mill machinery.

Bursledon mill is a five-storey tower mill with a reefing stage at first floor level. The boat shaped cap is winded by a chain and wheel. The four Common sails are carried on a wooden windshaft, which also carries the wooden brake wheel. This drives the wooden wallower, located at the top of the wooden upright shaft. The wooden great spur wheel at the bottom of the upright shaft drives three pairs of underdrift millstones.

Commercial history

Bursledon Windmill was built in 1814 by a Mrs Phoebe Langtry, replacing an earlier tower mill which was built in 1766. The machinery of the earlier mill was incorporated into the new mill. In 1814, the mill was mortgaged for £800 for six years. The mill was sold by the mortgagees in 1820. The mill was working until the 1880s initially by Mrs Langtry's son, Wiliam Langtry. John Cove and his family worked this mill between 1847 and 1871. The UK census shows he had worked a mill in Portsmouth and originally came from Wiltshire. He and his wife Susannah Emmett both came from Wiltshire and are responsible for the nearly all the Cove family in Southampton. His daughter Mary married a Jarvis and ran the Jolly Sailor public house in Hamble, one of his other daughters ran a market garden at the end of Windmill Lane and his son John Cove became a farm labourer. The last miller was George Gosling who bought the mill in 1872.

Decline of the windmill

When the mill ceased working, a flat roof was placed on the cap frame, which preserved the machinery in the mill. In 1931, the runner stones were removed. The mill was derelict by 1978, the top two floors being in very poor condition by then. Some essential repairs were carried out in that year by the County Council.

Restoration of the windmill

Between 1978 and 1991, the mill was restored by the Hampshire Buildings Preservation Trust. The sails were replaced in 1990 and the mill opened to the public in May 1991.

Ongoing maintenance of the windmill

In February 2012, the start of a major restoration to the windmill began. The first stage saw the removal of the wooden lattices that make up the sails. This work was in preparation for the replacement of the windshaft which had reached the end of its natural life. The work was completed in November 2014.

In 2014 ownership of the Bursledon Windmill was transferred to the Hampshire Cultural Trust as part of a larger transfer of museums from Hampshire County Council and Winchester City Council.

Millers

  • William Langtry 1787–1813 (post mill)
  • William Langtry 1814–1820 (son of the above)
  • John Cove 1847–1871
  • George Gosling 1872–1907

Reference for above:-

Public access

Bursledon Windmill is open to the public from 11:00 to 16:00 on Sundays. It is also open by appointment on Tuesdays and Wednesdays.

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