Burtville, Western Australia facts for kids
|Elevation:||447 m (1,467 ft)|
|LGA:||Shire of Leonora|
In 1897, Gold was discovered in the area by two prospectors, B. Frost and J. Trugurtha. The surveyor, J. Rowe, planned the town lots in accordance with the Goldfields Act in 1901. The settlement was initially known as Merolia which is the Indigenous Australian name for the district.
The town was eventually named after the grandson of the first chief justice of the Western Australian Supreme Court, Sir Archibald Burt. Archibald Edmund Burt JP was the chief mining warden of the Mount Margaret Goldfield. The town was gazetted as Merolia in 1902 but was regazetted to compliment Archibald Edmund Burt later the same year.
The population of the town and district rose to approximately 400 by 1903 as a result of gold mining. The town also had a water supply from a government well and a sealed pan sanitation system. A police station was opened in 1903 along with a school and two hotels. A ten stamp state battery and five stamp battery known as The Burtville Ore Reduction works were operated within the town from 1903 to 1906. Another privately owned ten stamp battery that allowed public access known as The sons of Westralia was also operating at the time.
By 1916 the population had reduced to 45 and the police station was closed.
All that remains of the town today is the entrance door arch of one of the town's hotels.
- Leonore Layman/Criena Fitzgerald: 110 Degress in the Waterbag 2013
Burtville, Western Australia Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.