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Butner, North Carolina
Butner Town Hall
Butner Town Hall
Location of Butner, North Carolina
Location of Butner, North Carolina
Country United States
State North Carolina
County Granville
 • Total 14.05 sq mi (36.39 km2)
 • Land 14.03 sq mi (36.33 km2)
 • Water 0.03 sq mi (0.06 km2)
371 ft (113 m)
 • Total 8,397
 • Estimate 
 • Density 560.32/sq mi (216.34/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 919
FIPS code 37-09360
GNIS feature ID 1019443
2009-02-23 Tower in Butner
An old water tower in Butner

Butner is a town in Granville County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 8,397 as of the 2020 census. Butner was managed by the state of North Carolina from 1947 through 2007.


Butner is located in southwestern Granville County at 36°8′18″N 78°45′32″W / 36.13833°N 78.75889°W / 36.13833; -78.75889 (36.138298, -78.758828). Interstate 85 passes through the town, southeast of the town center, with access from Exits 186, 189, and 191. I-85 leads northeast 16 miles (26 km) to Oxford, the Granville County seat, and southwest 13 miles (21 km) to Durham. Butner is bordered to the east by the city of Creedmoor.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 13.9 square miles (36.1 km2), of which 0.02 square miles (0.06 km2), or 0.18%, is water.

Butner Town Hall
Butner Town Hall
Gazebo Park
Gazebo Park
Lake Holt
Lake Holt


Historical population
Census Pop.
1970 3,538
1980 4,240 19.8%
1990 4,679 10.4%
2000 5,792 23.8%
2010 7,591 31.1%
2022 (est.) 8,566 12.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

2020 census

Butner racial composition
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 3,421 40.74%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 2,663 31.71%
Native American 27 0.32%
Asian 46 0.55%
Pacific Islander 2 0.02%
Other/Mixed 324 3.86%
Hispanic or Latino 1,914 22.79%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 8,397 people, 2,865 households, and 2,022 families residing in the town.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 7,591 people in 2,767 households. The population density was 1150.2 people per square mile (441.3/km2). There were 2,999 housing units at an average density of 454.4/sq mi (174.4/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 59.5% White, 30.1% African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 6.5% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.7% of the population.

There were 2,767 households, out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them. The average household size was 2.74. In the town, the population was spread out, with 26.0% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 13.8% from 25 to 34, 23.3% from 35-49, 18.8% from 50 to 64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. For every 100 females, there were 97.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $45,437, and the mean income for a household was $51,466. The median and mean incomes for families were $53,186 and $55,847, respectively. The per capita income for the town was $17,654. About 4.1% of families and 13.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.2% of those under age 18 and 12.8% of those age 65 or over.


The area surrounding Butner includes:

  • Federal Correctional Complex, Butner (4 units and one medical center, consisting of Camp Butner for males only, FCI Butner Low, FCI Butner Medium I, FCI Butner Medium II, and Federal Medical Center)
  • Polk Correctional Institution, a facility of the North Carolina Department of Correction
  • C.A. Dillon Youth Development Center, a juvenile facility of the North Carolina Department of Public Safety (formerly the North Carolina Department of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention)
  • Several facilities of the North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services (Murdoch Developmental Center, Whitaker School, R. J. Blackley Alcohol and Drug Abuse Treatment Center, and Central Regional Hospital replacing John Umstead Hospital in Butner as well as Dorothea Dix Hospital in Raleigh).

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Butner (Carolina del Norte) para niños

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