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Chelmonops curiosus facts for kids

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Chelmonops curiosus
ChelmonopsCuriosusRLS.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification

Chelmonops curiosus, truncate coralfish, truncate butterflyfish or squareback butterflyfish, is a species of marine ray-finned fish, a butterflyfish From the family Chaetodontidae. It is endemic to Australia.

Description

Chelmonops curiosus had a very deep strongly compressed body, which is more than half its standard length. It has a small head with a long, tapered snout and a tiny mouth at the end of its snout. There is a single, elongated dorsal fin with the separation between the spiny portion and the soft-rayed portion being hardly visible. The first spine is very small but as they progress towards the posterior they become longer and longer. In juveniles the soft part of the dorsal fin is rounded but it is pointed in adults and has a triangular profile when raised. The anal fin is smaller then the dorsal fin. The caudal fin is truncate. The background colour of this fish is steel grey with amounts of black shading different for each individual. They are marked with 4 vertical black bars with silver edged margins, becoming broader towards the tail. The pelvic fins are black. In juveniles there is an ocellus on the soft part of the dorsal fin which fades as they become mature. The spiny part of the dorsal fin contains 11 spines while the soft part has 25-27 soft rays while the anal fin has 3 spines and 19-20 soft rays. This species attains a maximum total length of 26 centimetres (10 in).

Distribution

Chelmonops curiosus is endemic to the seas of Australia where it is found along the south coast from Victor Harbor, South Australia and on the wetsern coast as far north as Shark Bay, Western Australia.

Habitat and biology

Chelmonops curiosus is found on coastal rocky reefs, seeming to prefer vertical rock faces, often where the water is turbid and they will use man-made structures such as pylons and jetties. The juveniles are frequently found swimming among seaweed beds. The adults are normally observed in pairs. This species is omnivorous and its diet comprises small worms, crustaceans, and algae. They breed in pairs. They appear to be territorial, with each pair defending a territory.

Utilisation

Chelmonops curiosus is occasionally collected for the aquarium trade. It is rarely exported from Australia.

  • Hutchins, B. & R. Swainston. (1986). Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete Field Guide for Anglers and Divers. Swainston Publishing. Pp. 180.
  • Kuiter, R. H. (1986). A new species of butterflyfish, Chelmonops curiosus, from Australia's south coast. Revue Francaise d'Aquariologie. 13(3): 73–78.
  • Kuiter, R. H. In: Gomon, M. F., Glover, C. J. M. & R. H. Kuiter (Eds). (1994). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. State Print, Adelaide. Pp. 992.
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