The civil service is a collective term for a sector of government composed mainly of career bureaucrats hired on professional merit rather than appointed or elected. A civil servant or public servant is a person so employed in the public sector employed for a government department or agency.
Many consider the study of service to be a part of the field of public administration. Workers in "non-departmental public bodies" (sometimes called "QUANGOs") may also be classed as civil servants for the purpose of statistics and possibly for their terms and conditions. Collectively a state's civil servants form its civil service or public service.
An international civil servant or international staff member is a civilian employee who is employed by an intergovernmental organization.
The origin of the modern meritocratic civil service can be traced back to Imperial examination founded in Imperial China.
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Imperial Civil Service Examination hall with 7500 cells in Guangdong, 1873.
Civil service Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.