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Corduliidae
Somatochlora viridiaenea(Male , Japan , 2019.09.14).jpg
Somatochlora viridiaenea (male)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Odonata
Infraorder: Anisoptera
Family: Corduliidae
Subfamilies
  • Cordulephyinae
  • Corduliinae
  • Idomacromiinae
  • Neophyinae

The Corduliidae, also knowns as the emeralds, emerald dragonflies or green-eyed skimmers, is a family of dragonflies. These dragonflies are usually black or dark brown with areas of metallic green or yellow, and most of them have large, emerald-green eyes. The larvae are black, hairy-looking, and usually semiaquatic. This family include species called "baskettails", "emeralds", "sundragons", "shadowdragons", and "boghaunters". They are not uncommon and are found nearly worldwide, but some individual species are quite rare. Hine's emerald dragonfly (Somatochlora hineana), for example, is an endangered species in the United States.

Selected genera

Some genera included in this family are:

  • Aeschnosoma Selys, 1870
  • Antipodochlora Fraser, 1939 – Dusk dragonfly
  • Cordulia Leach, 1815 – American emeralds
  • Corduliochlora Marinov & Seidenbusch, 2007
  • Cordulisantosia Fleck & Costa, 2007
  • Dorocordulia Needham, 1901 – little emeralds
  • Epitheca Burmeister, 1839 – baskettails
  • Guadalca Kimmins, 1957
  • Helocordulia Needham, 1901 – sundragons
  • Hemicordulia Selys, 1870 - emeralds
  • Heteronaias Needham & Gyger, 1937
  • Libellulosoma Martin, 1907
  • Metaphya Laidlaw, 1912 – emeralds
  • Navicordulia Machado & Costa, 1995
  • Neurocordulia Selys, 1871 – shadowdragons
  • Paracordulia Martin, 1906
  • Pentathemis Karsch, 1890 – metallic tigerhawk
  • Procordulia Martin, 1907 – emeralds
  • Rialla Navás, 1915
  • Schizocordulia Machado, 2005
  • Somatochlora Selys, 1871 – striped emeralds
  • Williamsonia Davis, 1913 – boghaunters
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