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Elytrophorus spicatus
Elytrophorus spicatus P6130221.jpg
Scientific classification
Genus:
Elytrophorus
Species:
spicatus
Elytrophorus spicatusDistW.png
Occurrence data from GBIF
Synonyms

Dactylis spicata Willd.
Echinalysium articulatum (P.Beauv.) Kunth
Echinalysium strictum Trin.
Elytrophorus articulatus P.Beauv.
Phleum glomeruliflorum Steud.
Sesleria spicata (Willd.) Spreng.

Elytrophorus spicatus (common name spikegrass) is a small plant in the Poaceae family native to Africa, the Indian subcontinent, south-east Asia and Australia.

Description

Elytrophorus spicatus is a tufted, annual or perennial plant with bristly culms. The leaves are loosely sheathed, and the blades are rolled in bud. The inflorescence spike (length of up to 26 cm by 5–9 mm wide) consists of globular clusters of spikelets, which are 4 mm long, with bisexual florets. The glumes are shortly awned, about 2 to 3 mm long, and have translucent margins translucent which are sparingly fringed with hairs. The awn and keel are rough. The plant flowers in response to flooding or rain.

Distribution

It is native to Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Chad, China, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Lesser Sunda Is., Mali, Mauritania, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Australia, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, South Australia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Vietnam, Himalaya, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

Habitat

It is found in damp soil along creeks, in damp hollows, in seepages, and in and near water.

Taxonomy

It was first described as Dactylis spicata by Carl Ludwig Willdenow in 1801. It was assigned to the genus, Elytrophorus, by Aimée Antoinette Camus in 1923.

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