Emmy Noether facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Emmy Noether



Born 
Amalie Emmy Noether
23 March 1882 Erlangen, Bavaria, German Empire

Died  14 April 1935 Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, U.S.

(aged 53)
Nationality  German 
Alma mater  University of Erlangen 
Known for  
Awards  Ackermann–Teubner Memorial Award (1932) 
Scientific career  
Fields  Mathematics and physics 
Institutions  
Thesis  On the Formation of the Forming System of the Ternary Biquadratic Form (1907) 
Doctoral advisor  Paul Gordan 
Doctoral students 

Amalie Emmy Noether (23 March 1882 – 14 April 1935) was a mathematician from Germany who studied abstract algebra. She studied mathematics at the University of Erlangen, and then joined the faculty at the University of Göttingen.
Her main area of research changed over time. From 1908 to 1919, she studied algebraic invariants and number fields. Her work on Noether's theorem has been called "one of the most important mathematical theorems ever proved in guiding the development of modern physics".
From 1920 to 1926, she developed the theory of ideals in commutative rings. From 1927–35, she published works on noncommutative algebras and hypercomplex numbers.
In addition to her own publications, Noether was generous with her ideas and is credited with several lines of research published by other mathematicians, even in fields far removed from her main work, such as algebraic topology.
Images for kids

Noether grew up in the Bavarian city of Erlangen, depicted here in a 1916 postcard

In 1915 David Hilbert invited Noether to join the Göttingen mathematics department, challenging the views of some of his colleagues that a woman should not be allowed to teach at a university.

The mathematics department at the University of Göttingen allowed Noether's habilitation in 1919, four years after she had begun lecturing at the school.

Noether taught at the Moscow State University during the winter of 1928–1929.

Noether visited Zürich in 1932 to deliver a plenary address at the International Congress of Mathematicians.

Bryn Mawr College provided a welcoming home for Noether during the last two years of her life.

Noether's ashes were placed under the walkway surrounding the cloisters of Bryn Mawr's M. Carey Thomas Library.

Table 2 from Noether's dissertation on invariant theory. This table collects 202 of the 331 invariants of ternary biquadratic forms. These forms are graded in two variables x and u. The horizontal direction of the table lists the invariants with increasing grades in x, while the vertical direction lists them with increasing grades in u.
George Robert Carruthers 
Patricia Bath 
Jan Ernst Matzeliger 
Alexander Miles 