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End of the Trail
End of the Trail (Wisconsin) September 2013 02.jpg
End of the Trail (sculpture) is located in Wisconsin
End of the Trail (sculpture)
Location in Wisconsin
End of the Trail (sculpture) is located in the United States
End of the Trail (sculpture)
Location in the United States
Location Shaler Park
Waupun, Wisconsin
Built 1928
Sculptor James Earl Fraser
NRHP reference No. 80000136
Added to NRHP August 29, 1980

The End of the Trail is a sculpture by James Earle Fraser located in Waupun, Wisconsin, United States. It depicts a weary Native American man hanging limp as his weary horse comes to the edge of the Pacific Ocean. The statue is a commentary on the damage Euro-American settlement inflicted upon Native Americans. The main figure embodies the suffering and exhaustion of people driven from their native lands.


Plaster sculpture exhibited at the Panama-Pacific International Exposition

Fraser first modeled the subject in 1894. He based it on his experience as a boy in the Dakota Territory. His memoirs state, "as a boy, I remembered an old Dakota trapper saying, 'The Indians will someday be pushed into the Pacific Ocean.'" Later he stated "the idea occurred to me of making an Indian which represented his race reaching the end of the trail, at the edge of the Pacific."

A large plaster version of the work was displayed at the 1915 Panama-Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco and was awarded a gold medal. Soon prints and photographs of the statue became popular. When the Exposition closed, bronze was not available for casting statues because of World War I and the plaster sculpture was thrown into a mud pit in Marina Park near the site of the Exhibition. Fraser sold two sizes of bronze copies starting in 1918. The plaster version was rescued in 1919 and moved to Mooney Grove Park, near Visalia, California.

The Waupun statue is a copy of the plaster statue cast in bronze. The bronze version was commissioned by Clarence Shaler in 1926, and was dedicated on June 23, 1929 as a tribute to the Native Americans.

The original was moved from Visalia to Oklahoma City, Oklahoma in 1968, where it was restored and is now on display at the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum. The City of Visalia received a bronze replica as a replacement.

The Waupun statue was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1980.


Many copies of the 1915 statue are on display, including one at the Metropolitan Museum in New York City, and another on the campus of Winona State University in Fraser's home town, Winona, Minnesota. A painting of the statue's image appeared on the original cover of the 1971 album Surf's Up by the Beach Boys.

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