|An Indian banyan tree (Ficus benghalensis) in front of the Edison museum in Fort Myers, Florida|
Ficus indica L.
Ficus benghalensis produces propagating roots which grow downwards as aerial roots. Once these roots reach the ground they grow into woody trunks. The figs produced by the tree are eaten by birds such as the Indian myna. Fig seeds that pass through the digestive system of birds are more likely to germinate and sprout earlier.
Ficus benghalensis is the national tree of India. The tree is considered sacred in India, and temples are often built beneath. Due to the large size of the tree's canopy it provides useful shade in hot climates. It is recognized as the National trees of both countries of the Indian subcontinent
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Indian banyan Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.