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Fiery Creek (Victoria) facts for kids

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Fiery Creek
Country Australia
State Victoria
Local Government Areas
  • Rural City of Ararat
  • Shire of Pyrenees
Towns
  • Raglan
  • Streatham
Physical characteristics
Main source 760 metres (2,490 ft)
River mouth Lake Bolac
212 metres (696 ft)
Basin features
River system Hopkins River
Tributaries
  • Left:
  • Wongan Creek
  • Right:
  • Challicum Creek
  • Middle Creek
Bridges
  • Western Freeway
  • Glenelg Highway
  • Western standard gauge railway line

Fiery Creek is a watercourse in western Victoria. It flows generally southerly from its source on the eastern side of Mount Cole in the Mount Cole State Forest to its mouth on the eastern side of Lake Bolac.

Geology

Fiery Creek begins in hills that contain granite and erode to produce granitic sand. Much of its course is across almost-flat farmland. Towards the end of its course, it reaches a former lava flow which interrupts the course and leads it west to Lake Bolac.

Water use

The Central Highlands Region Water Corporation extracts up to 419 megalitres (92,000,000 imp gal) of water from the upper catchment to supply town water to the town of Beaufort. Stream flow at Streatham has been recorded for over 100 years. It has increasing periods of zero flow, but the record flow was over 24,000 megalitres per day (5.3×109 imp gal/d) in January 2011.

Gold rush

Fiery Creek was involved in the Victorian gold rush in the 1850s. The diggings were in the upper reaches near Raglan. The post office that is now Streatham was named Fiery Creek, and mail was regularly addressed and sent to the wrong place.

Gold was discovered near Beaufort in 1852, in tributaries of Fiery Creek, and north of Beaufort in Fiery Creek from 1854. The population on the fields was 50,000 in 1855 and reportedly reached approximately 100,000 people at its height in the late 1850s and produced 450,000 ounces of gold over a two-year period, 1855–1856. The Fiery Creek gold rush started in 1854 and dissipated by 1859. Seven "puddling parties" remained by 1861. Dredging continued until around 1918.

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