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First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba
Logo del Partido Comunista de Cuba.svg
Miguel Díaz-Canel (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Miguel Díaz-Canel

since 19 April 2021
Central Committee
Style Comrade (Formal)
Member of Central Committee, Politburo, Secretariat
Seat Palace of the Revolution
Havana, Cuba
Appointer Central Committee
Term length Five years
renewable once
Constituting instrument Statute of the Communist Party of Cuba
Formation 3 October 1965
First holder Fidel Castro
Deputy Second Secretary

The First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba (Spanish: Primer Secretario del Comité Central del Partido Comunista de Cuba) is the de facto leader of Cuba. The First Secretary is the highest office within the Communist Party of Cuba as well as ranking first in the Politburo, the highest decision-making body in Cuba, which makes the office holder the most powerful person in the Cuban government.

Officeholders

Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Term Second Secretary
Took office Left office Duration
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba
(1925–1939)
José Miguel Pérez [es]
José Miguel Pérez [es]
(1896–1936)
20 August 1925 1925 0 years
José Peña Vilaboa
José Peña Vilaboa
(1891–1927)
1925 1926 0–1 years
Jorge Vivo
Jorge Vivo
(1890–1950)
1927 August 1933 5–6 years
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba
(1925–1939)
Blas Roca Calderio
Blas Roca Calderio
(1908–1987)
December 1933 1939 5–6 years
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Revolutionary Communist Union
(1939–1944)
Blas Roca Calderio
Blas Roca Calderio
(1908–1987)
1939 1944 4–5 years
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Popular Socialist Party
(1944–1961)
Blas Roca Calderio
Blas Roca Calderio
(1908–1987)
1944 24 June 1961 16–17 years
First Secretary of the Integrated Revolutionary Organizations
(1961–1962)
Fidel Castro
Fidel Castro
(1926–2016)
July 1961 26 March 1962 8 months Raúl Castro
(1961 – 1962)
First Secretary of the Central Committee of the United Party for the Socialist Revolution of Cuba
(1962–1965)
Fidel Castro
Fidel Castro
(1926–2016)
26 March 1962 3 October 1965 3 years, 191 days Raúl Castro
(1962 – 1965)
First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba
(1965–present)
Fidel Castro
Fidel Castro
(1926–2016)
3 October 1965 19 April 2011 45 years, 198 days Raúl Castro
(1965 – 2011)
Raúl Castro
Raúl Castro
(born 1931)
19 April 2011 19 April 2021 10 years, 0 days José Ramón Machado Ventura
(since 2011)
Miguel Díaz-Canel
Miguel Díaz-Canel
(born 1960)
19 April 2021 Incumbent 155 days José Ramón Machado Ventura
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