Fort Saint Louis (Newfoundland) facts for kids
The construction began in 1690 for a new French fort on the island of Newfoundland.
In 1662, the French had established a strategic trading post in a well protected cove overlooking Placentia Bay that separates Avalon to the rest of the island of Newfoundland and near the Grand Banks.
Fort Saint Louis was built inside the harbor in order to protect the small port city of Plaisance from an enemy attack. It was to reinforce the old fort built of wood in Placentia. Fort Saint Louis was built in stone. Its enclosure was nearly 250 meters long, encircling two bastions, the headquarters of the governor and the buildings of the garrison. The walls stood four meters high and the walls measured two meters thick. Almost thirty guns were operational on this fort.
The fort was attacked during King William's War in the Battle of Placentia (1692).
In 1713, the Treaty of Utrecht forced the French to abandon their settlements in Newfoundland. 'Plaisance' become 'Placentia'. The inhabitants were moved to Île Royale which began the construction of Louisbourg.
Fort Saint Louis (Newfoundland) Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.