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The Most Honourable

The Marchioness of Londonderry
Frances Vane, Marchioness of Londonderry.png
The engagement painting of Lady Frances Anne Vane-Tempest by Sir Thomas Lawrence, 1818
Personal details
Born 17 January 1800
St James's Square, London, England
Died 20 January 1865(1865-01-20) (aged 65)
Seaham Hall, County Durham, England
Nationality British
Charles Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry
(m. 1819; died 1854)
Children George Vane-Tempest, 5th Marquess of Londonderry
Frances Anne Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough
Alexandrina Dawson-Damer, Countess of Portarlington
Lord Adolphus Vane-Tempest
Lady Adelaide Emelina Caroline Vane
Lord Ernest McDonnell Vane-Tempest
Parents Sir Henry Vane-Tempest, 2nd Bt
Anne MacDonnell, Countess of Antrim

Frances Anne Vane, Marchioness of Londonderry (17 January 1800 – 20 January 1865) was a wealthy English heiress and noblewoman. She was the daughter of Sir Henry Vane-Tempest, 2nd Baronet. She married Charles William Stewart, 1st Baron Stewart. She became a marchioness in 1822 when Charles succeeded his half-brother as 3rd Marquess of Londonderry.

Basic Information

Frances Anne inherited extensive lands from her father in north east England. Her mother was Anne MacDonnell, 2nd Countess of Antrim. With her husband, she developed an extensive coal mining operation that included coal mines, a railroad, and docks at Seaham.

She became an object of affection for the Tsar Alexander I of Russia after he saw her portrait.

She sought to promote her eldest son's political career and was a patron of Benjamin Disraeli.


  • George Henry Robert Charles William Vane-Tempest, 5th Marquess of Londonderry (1821–1884)
  • Lady Frances Anne Emily Vane (1822–1899); married John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough.
  • Lady Alexandrina Octavia Maria Vane (1823–1874), godchild of Alexander I of Russia; married Henry Dawson-Damer, 3rd Earl of Portarlington.
  • Lord Adolphus Frederick Charles William Vane-Tempest (1825–1864), politician; became insane, and had to be medically restrained.
  • Lady Adelaide Emelina Caroline Vane (c.1830–1882); disgraced the family by eloping with her brother's tutor, Rev. Frederick Henry Law.
  • Lord Ernest McDonnell Vane-Tempest (1836–1885), fell in with a press-gang and had to be bought a commission in the army, from which he was subsequently cashiered.

Frederick William Robert Stewart, 4th Marquess of Londonderry (1805–1872) was her stepson.

Titles and styles

  • 17 January 1800 - 3 April 1819 Lady Frances Anne Vane
  • 3 April 1819 - 12 August 1822 The Right Honourable The Lady Stewart
  • 12 August 1822 - 6 March 1854 The Most Honourable The Marchioness of Londonderry
  • 2 March 1854 - 20 January 1865 The Most Honourable The Dowager Marchioness of Londonderry
  • Jeremiah William Summers, The History and Antiquities of Sunderland (J. Tate), 1858
  • K. D. Reynolds, Vane, Frances Anne, marchioness of Londonderry (1800–1865), Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, September 2004; online edition, January 2008, accessed 29 August 2008
Family of Frances Vane, Marchioness of Londonderry
16. Lionel Vane
8. George Vane
17. Catherine Fletcher
4. Sir Henry Vane, Bt
18. William Machon
9. Anne Machon
2. Sir Henry Vane-Tempest, Bt
20. John Tempest
10. John Tempest
21. Jane Wharton
5. Frances Tempest
22. Richard Shuttleworth
11. Frances Shuttleworth
23. Emma Tempest
1. Lady Frances Anne Vane-Tempest
24. Randal MacDonnell, 4th Earl of Antrim
12. Alexander MacDonnell, 5th Earl of Antrim
25. Rachel Skeffington
6. Randal MacDonnell, 1st Marquess of Antrim
26. The Hon. Charles Plunkett
13. Anne Plunkett
27. Elizabeth Stratford
3. Anne MacDonnell, 2nd Countess of Antrim
28. Frances Morres
14. Hervey Morres, 1st Viscount Mountmorres
29. Catherine Evans
7. The Hon. Letitia Morres
30. Brabazon Ponsonby, 1st Earl of Bessborough
15. Lady Letitia Ponsonby
31. Sarah Margetson
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