Gravitational constant facts for kids

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NewtonsLawOfUniversalGravitation
The gravitational constant G is a key quantity in Newton's law of universal gravitation

The gravitational constant, called G in physics equations, is an empirical physical constant. It is used to show the force between two objects caused by gravity. The gravitational constant appears in Newton's universal law of gravitation.

G is about 6.6738 x10-11N⋅m2/kg2, and is denoted by letter G.

It usually appears in Sir Isaac Newton's law of universal gravitation, and in Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity. It is also known as the universal gravitational constant, Newton's constant, and colloquially as Big G. It should not be confused with "small g" (g), which is the local gravitational field of the Earth (equivalent to the free-fall acceleration).


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