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Haloarchaea facts for kids

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Temporal range: Archaean – Recent
Halobacteria sp. strain NRC-1, each cell about 5 μm long.
Scientific classification

Haloarchaea are halophiles. They need a high salt concentrations to grow. They are a distinct evolutionary branch of the Archaea, and are extremophiles.

The term halobacteria is a misnomer (mistaken name), because we now know the archaea are a different group from bacteria.

San Francisco Bay Salt Ponds
Salt ponds with pink colored Haloarchaea

In taxonomy, the Haloarchaea are a class of the Euryarchaeota, found in water with salt. They are common in most environments where large amounts of salt, moisture, and organic material are available.

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