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Hikurangi facts for kids

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Hikurangi station
Hikurangi station
Country New Zealand
Region Northland Region
District Whangarei District
Ward Hikurangi-Coastal Ward
 • Total 4.00 km2 (1.54 sq mi)
 (June 2023)
 • Total 1,780
 • Density 445.0/km2 (1,153/sq mi)
View over Hikurangi, 1911. ATLIB 287815
View over Hikurangi, 1911

Hikurangi is a settlement in Northland, New Zealand. The city of Whangārei is 17 km (11 miles) to the south, and Kawakawa is 39 km (24 miles) northwest. The Glenbervie Forest is southeast of the settlement. State Highway 1 once passed through the town, but now bypasses it to the west. Mount Hikurangi is a volcanic dome rising 365 metres (1,198 ft) to the west of the town. It is 1.2 million years old, and part of the Harbour Fault which also includes Parakiore, near Kamo, and Parihaka in Whangarei.

Hikurangi is a service town for the local dairy industry.


An area of 12,000 acres (48.6 km2) of land at Hikurangi was purchased from local Maori by the District Commissioner of Lands in 1862. The land was considered desirable because it contained mature timber and high quality flax, and transport routes were established. The area became a timber milling centre with the establishment of a road to Whangarei in 1875, and the first of several sawmills soon after. Kauri gum-diggers were also active in the area.

The town grew around local coal mines, which opened in 1890. The North Auckland railway line from Whangarei reached Hikurangi in 1894. 4.2 million tons of coal were extracted. Flooding was a problem for the mines. During a nationwide coal-miners' strike in 1931, the Wilson Colliery Company closed their mine and deliberately flooded it. The miners formed a company and bought the mine, but it closed two years later because there were few orders for coal during the Great Depression. Three brothers were killed by black damp at one mine in 1933. The last mine closed in 1971.

The Hikurangi Co-operative Dairy Company was formed in 1904. It established a dairy factory and operated a fleet of trucks to collect cream but also to deliver fertiliser and general goods to farmers. The factory was replaced by a new building in the 1950s. The company amalgamated with the Northland Co-operative Dairy Company in 1985, and the factory closed.

Six teenagers were killed in 1930 when a train hit a bus.

Hikurangi was administered by the Hikurangi District Roads Board until the formation of the Hikurangi Town Board in 1908. The Board became the Hikurangi Town Council in 1955. In 1989, they amalgamated with the Whangarei City Council and Whangarei County Council to form the Whangarei District Council.

Limestone has been quarried at Hikurangi since the early 20th century. The quarry still supplies limestone to the cement works at Portland.


Hikurangi covers 4.00 km2 (1.54 sq mi) and had an estimated population of 1,740 as of June 2022, with a population density of 435 people per km2.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
2006 1,419 —    
2013 1,410 −0.09%
2018 1,617 +2.78%

Hikurangi had a population of 1,617 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 207 people (14.7%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 198 people (14.0%) since the 2006 census. There were 516 households, comprising 792 males and 825 females, giving a sex ratio of 0.96 males per female. The median age was 30.6 years (compared with 37.4 years nationally), with 465 people (28.8%) aged under 15 years, 333 (20.6%) aged 15 to 29, 645 (39.9%) aged 30 to 64, and 174 (10.8%) aged 65 or older.

Ethnicities were 67.9% European/Pākehā, 49.9% Māori, 5.0% Pacific peoples, 3.0% Asian, and 1.9% other ethnicities. People may identify with more than one ethnicity.

The percentage of people born overseas was 10.4, compared with 27.1% nationally.

Although some people chose not to answer the census's question about religious affiliation, 55.1% had no religion, 32.1% were Christian, 3.0% had Māori religious beliefs, 0.7% were Hindu, 0.2% were Buddhist and 1.7% had other religions.

Of those at least 15 years old, 93 (8.1%) people had a bachelor's or higher degree, and 282 (24.5%) people had no formal qualifications. The median income was $25,200, compared with $31,800 nationally. 72 people (6.2%) earned over $70,000 compared to 17.2% nationally. The employment status of those at least 15 was that 525 (45.6%) people were employed full-time, 141 (12.2%) were part-time, and 84 (7.3%) were unemployed.


Hikurangi School is a coeducational full primary (years 1-8) school with a roll of 175 students as of February 2024. The first public school in Hikurangi opened in 1883 at View Road until the school was demolished in 1922. The school was built on the current site at Valley Road in 1922-1923 and has been enlarged numerous times over the years. The site of the former school on View Road was sold to Mr and Mrs Robert Cherry. They got their house built on it in 1923 and it has been designated a Group II historic place. The builder was Mr Watts from Whangārei.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Hikurangi para niños

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