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Jamaican nettletree facts for kids

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Jamaican nettletree
Flickr - João de Deus Medeiros - Trema micrantha.jpg
In Brasília
Scientific classification
Genus:
Trema
Species:
micrantha
Synonyms
  • Celtis albicans Willd. ex Steud.
  • Celtis canescens Kunth
  • Celtis chichilea Ruiz & Pav. ex Planch.
  • Celtis curiandiuba M.Gómez ex Planch.
  • Celtis lima Lam.
  • Celtis macrophylla Kunth
  • Celtis micrantha (L.) Sw.
  • Celtis microcarpa Salzm. ex Planch.
  • Celtis mollis Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.
  • Celtis rufescens Banks ex Planch.
  • Celtis schiedeana Schltdl.
  • Rhamnus micrantha L.
  • Sponia canescens (Kunth) Decne.
  • Sponia chichilea Planch.
  • Sponia crassifolia Liebm.
  • Sponia grisea Liebm.
  • Sponia lima Decne.
  • Sponia macrophylla (Kunth) Decne.
  • Sponia micrantha (L.) Decne. ex Planch.
  • Sponia micrantha (L.) Decne.
  • Sponia mollis Decne.
  • Sponia peruviana Klotzsch
  • Sponia riparia Decne.
  • Sponia schiedeana (Schltdl.) Planch.
  • Trema canescens (Kunth) Blume
  • Trema chichilea (Planch.) Blume
  • Trema floridana Britton ex Small
  • Trema lima Blume
  • Trema macrophylla (Kunth) Blume
  • Trema melinona Blume
  • Trema micrantha var. obtusatum Urb.
  • Trema micrantha var. strigillosa (Lundell) Standl. & Steyerm.
  • Trema mollis (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Blume
  • Trema riparia Blume
  • Trema rufescens Blume
  • Trema schiedeana (Schltdl.) Blume
  • Trema strigillosa Lundell
  • Urtica alnifolia Bertero ex Griseb.

Trema micrantha, the Jamaican nettletree or capulin, is a plant species native to warmer parts of the Western Hemisphere. It has been reported from Mexico, Central America, Bolivia, Argentina, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, the Virgin Islands, Guyana, Venezuela, Suriname, Peru, Paraguay, Jamaica, Cuba, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, and southern Florida. In Florida, it has been collected in 10 of the state's southern counties.

Description

Trema micrantha is a shrub or small tree up to 10 m tall. Leaves are egg-shaped, up to 9 cm long, green on top but covered with white, woolly pubescence underneath. Flowers are greenish-white. Fruits are yellow to bright reddish-range, up to 4 mm in diameter.

Uses

Following the recent local extirpation of slow-growing xalama in San Pablito, Mexico due to unsustainable harvesting driven by tourism, the Otomi people now use Trema micrantha bark strips as a raw material for making handmade amate paper.

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