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Jean-Claude Carrière
Jean-Claude Carrière à la BNF.jpg
Jean-Claude Carrière in 2008
Born (1931-09-17)17 September 1931
Colombières-sur-Orb, France
Died 8 February 2021(2021-02-08) (aged 89)
Paris, France
Occupation Novelist, screenwriter, actor, director
Years active 1957–2021

Jean-Claude Carrière ( 17 September 1931 – 8 February 2021) was a French novelist, screenwriter, actor, and Academy Award honoree. He received an Academy Award for best short film for co-writing Heureux Anniversaire (1963), and was later conferred an Honorary Oscar in 2014. He was nominated for the Academy Award three other times for his work in The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie (1972), That Obscure Object of Desire (1977), and The Unbearable Lightness of Being (1988). He also won a César Award for Best Original Screenplay in The Return of Martin Guerre (1983).

Carrière was an alumnus of the École normale supérieure de Saint-Cloud and was president of La Fémis, the French state film school that he helped establish. He was noted as a frequent collaborator with Luis Buñuel on the screenplays of the latter's late French films.

Early life

Carrière was born in Colombières-sur-Orb in southwestern France on 17 September 1931. His family worked as wine growers, and his parents subsequently moved to Montreuil, in the suburbs of Paris, in 1945 to start a coffeehouse. Carrière was a gifted student, and attended Lycée Lakanal before studying literature and history at the École normale supérieure de Saint-Cloud, a grande école. He went on to publish his first novel, Lézard, in 1957 at the age of 26. Consequently, he was introduced to Jacques Tati, who employed Carrière to write novels based on his movies.

Career

Carrière met Pierre Étaix, who worked as Tati's first assistant. Carrière and Étaix went on to write and direct several films, including Heureux Anniversaire (1962). That film ultimately won the 1963 Academy Award for Best Short Subject (Live Action). That same year, Carrière's nineteen-year collaboration with Luis Buñuel began with the film Diary of a Chambermaid (1964). He co-wrote the screenplay with Buñuel and also played the part of a village priest. They subsequently collaborated on the scripts of nearly all Buñuel's later films, including Belle de Jour (1967), The Milky Way (1969), and The Phantom of Liberty (1974). Their teamwork in writing The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie (1972) was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay, and the film ultimately won the Best Foreign Language Film. They earned their second Oscar nomination five years later for Best Adapted Screenplay in That Obscure Object of Desire (1977).

Carrière also penned screenplay for The Tin Drum (1979), which won both the Palme d'Or at the 1979 Cannes Film Festival and Best Foreign Language Film at the Oscars a year later. His work in The Return of Martin Guerre (1983) won the 1983 César Award for Best Original Screenplay. He received his third Academy Award nomination six years later for writing the script of The Unbearable Lightness of Being (1988) with Philip Kaufman.

Carrière co-founded La Fémis, the French state film school, in 1986. He taught screenwriting there, and served as its president for ten years. He collaborated with Peter Brook on a nine hour long stage version of the ancient Sanskrit epic The Mahabharata, and a five-hour film version. He also provided the libretto for Hans Gefors' fifth opera Clara, which was premiered at the Opéra-Comique in Paris in 1998. He was credited as a script consultant in The White Ribbon, which won the Palme d'Or in 2009.

Later life

Carrière and Umberto Eco published a book in 2012 of conversations on the future of information carriers. He also wrote comics for Bernard Yslaire and Pierre Étaix. Carrière was given an Academy Honorary Award in 2014, for his lifetime work in writing approximately 80 screenplays, as well as his essays, fiction, translations and interviews.

Carrière died in his sleep on 8 February 2021 at his home in Paris. He was 89, and died of natural causes.

Awards

  • Academy Award for Best Live Action Short Film (1963) for Heureux Anniversaire, shared with Pierre Étaix
  • Academy Honorary Award (2014) for lifetime achievement (at Governors Awards)
  • Laurel Award for Screenwriting Achievement (2000)
  • Padma Shri, the fourth highest civilian award of India (2015)

Filmography

Writer

  • The Suitor (1962)
  • Rupture (1962, Short)
  • Heureux Anniversaire (1962, Short)
  • The Adventures of Robinson Crusoe (1964, TV Series)
  • La reine verte (1964, TV Movie)
  • Diary of a Chambermaid (1964)
  • Yo Yo (1965)
  • Viva Maria! (1965)
  • The Diabolical Dr. Z (1965)
  • Tant qu'on a la santé (1966)
  • Hotel Paradiso (1966)
  • The Thief of Paris (1967)
  • Belle de Jour (1967)
  • Pour un amour lointain (1968)
  • The Great Love (1969)
  • The Milky Way (1969)
  • La Piscine (1969)
  • La pince à ongles (1969, Short, also director)
  • Borsalino (1970)
  • Un peu de soleil dans l'eau froide (1971)
  • The Wedding Ring (1971)
  • Taking Off (1971)
  • The Outside Man (1972)
  • The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie (1972)
  • Liza (1972)
  • Le Moine (1973)
  • France, Inc. (1973)
  • The Phantom of Liberty (1974)
  • Serious as Pleasure (1975)
  • La Chair de l'orchidée (1975)
  • That Obscure Object of Desire (1977)
  • Le gang (1977)
  • Le Diable dans la boîte (1977)
  • Julie pot de colle (1977)
  • Butterfly on the Shoulder (1978)
  • The Tin Drum (1979)
  • Return to the Beloved (1979)
  • The Associate (1979)
  • Sauve qui peut (la vie) (1980)
  • The Return of Martin Guerre (1982)
  • Passion (1982)
  • The General of the Dead Army (1983)
  • La Tragédie de Carmen (1983)
  • Danton (1983)
  • Credo (1983, TV Movie)
  • Un amour de Swann (1984)
  • Max, Mon Amour (1986)
  • Les Exploits d'un jeune Don Juan (1987)
  • The Unbearable Lightness of Being (1988)
  • The Possessed (1988)
  • The Bengali Night (1988)
  • Valmont (1989)
  • Hard to Be a God (1989)
  • The Mahabharata (1989)
  • Bouvard et Pécuchet (1989)
  • May Fools (1990)
  • Cyrano de Bergerac (1990)
  • At Play in the Fields of the Lord (1991)
  • The Return of Casanova (1992)
  • La Controverse de Valladolid (1992, TV Movie)
  • C'était la guerre (1993, TV Movie)
  • Priez pour nous (1994)
  • The Night and the Moment (1995)
  • The Horseman on the Roof (1995)
  • La duchesse de Langeais (1995, TV Movie)
  • Associations de bienfaiteurs (1995)
  • The Ogre (1996)
  • The Associate (1996)
  • Le parfum de Jeannette (1996, TV Movie)
  • Golden Boy (1996)
  • Chinese Box (1997)
  • Clarissa (1998)
  • La Guerre dans le Haut Pays (1999)
  • Salsa (2000)
  • Madame De... (2001)
  • Letter from an Unknown Woman (2001, TV Movie)
  • La Bataille d'Hernani (2002, TV Movie)
  • Ruy Blas (2002, TV Movie)
  • Rien, voilà l'ordre (2003)
  • Les Thibault (2003, TV mini series)
  • Father Goriot (2004)
  • Birth (2004)
  • Galilée ou L'amour de Dieu (2005, TV Movie)
  • Goya's Ghosts (2006)
  • Ulzhan (2007)
  • The 4th Wall (2010), based on his play L'Aide-Mémoire (1968)
  • The Artist and the Model (2012)
  • In the Shadow of Women (2015)
  • Lover for a Day (2017)
  • A Faithful Man (2018)
  • At Eternity's Gate (2018)
  • Le sel des larmes (2019)

Actor

  • Diary of a Chambermaid (1964) – Le curé
  • The Milky Way (1969) – Priscillian
  • Alliance (1969) – Hugues
  • Un peu de soleil dans l'eau froide (1971) – François, le mari de Nathalie
  • Serious as Pleasure (1975) – Le chef d'étage (uncredited)
  • Le jeu du solitaire (1976) – Luc
  • Le jardin des supplices (1976) – Le commandant du navire
  • Surprise Sock (1978) – Fournier
  • Ils sont grands, ces petits (1979) – Le psychiatre (uncredited)
  • Die Blechtrommel (1979) – Grigori Rasputin (extended cut, uncredited)
  • L'amour nu (1981) – Le professeur
  • Vive les femmes! (1984) – Le sourd-muet
  • The Night and the Moment (1994) – The Governor
  • Jaya Ganga (1996) – Professor
  • Buñuel y la mesa del rey Salomón (2001) – David Goldman
  • Avida (2006) – Le riche paranoîaque
  • Tajnata kniga (2006) – Pierre Reymond
  • Certified Copy (2010) – L'homme de la place
  • La fameuse invasion des ours en Sicile (2019) – Vieil Ours (voice)

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