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Kurt Eisner facts for kids

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Kurt Eisner
Minister President of Bavaria
In office
Preceded by Otto Ritter von Dandl
Succeeded by Johannes Hoffmann
Head of State of Bavaria
In office
Personal details
Born (1867-05-14)14 May 1867
Berlin, Kingdom of Prussia
Died 21 February 1919(1919-02-21) (aged 51)
Munich, Weimar Republic
Nationality German
Political party Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany

Kurt Eisner (14 May 1867 – 21 February 1919) was a journalist and theatre critic. As a socialist journalist, he organised the Socialist Revolution that overthrew the Wittelsbach monarchy in Bavaria in November 1918, which led to his being described as "the symbol of the Bavarian revolution".

Eisner was assassinated in Munich when German nationalist Anton Graf von Arco auf Valley shot him in the back on 21 February 1919. Eisner was on his way to present his resignation to the Bavarian parliament. His assassination resulted in the elected government of the People's State of Bavaria fleeing Munich and the establishment of the short-lived Bavarian Soviet Republic and parliament.

In 1989, a monument was installed in the pavement at the site of Eisner's assassination. It reads: "Kurt Eisner, who proclaimed the Bavarian republic on 8 November 1918 – later Prime Minister of the Republic of Bavaria – was murdered here on 21 February 1919".

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