Las Mañanitas facts for kids
"Las Mañanitas" Spanish pronunciation: [las maɲaˈnitas] is a traditional Mexican birthday song written by Mexican composer Alfonso Esparza Oteo. It is widely popular in Mexico and other Latin American countries at birthday parties, usually early in the morning to awaken the birthday person, also before eating cake, and especially as part of the custom of serenading women. In Mexico, Las Mañanitas is sung to men and women of all ages. In some countries, such as Colombia, the song is mostly sung to girls, especially on their 15th birthdays. Perhaps the most famous rendition of "Las Mañanitas" is that sung by Pedro Infante to "Chachita" in the movie Nosotros los pobres.
|Spanish original||English translation|
Estas son las mañanitas
These are “The Mornings”
Often if being sung instead of played from a recording, "mi bien" ("my dear") is replaced with the name of the person being celebrated, e.g. Despierta Jacob, despierta, mira que ya amaneció. Single syllable names are stretched through the two original notes, and longer or compound names are often elided to fit the music, such as Guadalupe or "José Alberto", which in Spanish would be sung "Josealberto", creating a diphthong in the second syllable.
In some regions, the second line of the first stanza is sometimes sung "... a las muchachas bonitas se las cantamos aquí", or, in English, "... to the pretty girls we sing them here" instead of hoy por ser día de tu Santo te las cantamos aqui. Years ago, it was common to give a child the name of the patron saint that corresponded to the day the child was born. (see Calendar of saints).
The song is usually set in the key of A major at a Unable to parse music symbol time time signature at the first 2 stanzas with tempos between 90-100 beats per minute, then shifts to a Unable to parse music symbol time time signature for the rest of the song.
Every year, during the night between 11 and 12 December, mañanitas are sung to the honor of Our Lady of Guadalupe by Mexico's most famous and popular artist in the Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe.
In the US State of New Mexico it is sometimes sung as an honorary song during birthday celebrations, for both men and women. One such example was during a live performance for Al Hurricane's 75th birthday, during the concert setlist it was recorded by Al Hurricane Jr. and Christian Sanchez as a rendition alongside the English-language Happy Birthday to You, the entire concert was released as an album mastered by Lorenzo Antonio.
Las Mañanitas are also an annual event held in Ponce, Puerto Rico, dedicated to Our Lady of Guadalupe. It consists of a pre-dawn festival parade, followed by a Catholic Mass, and a popular breakfast. The celebration started in 1964, but the circumstances of its origin are uncertain. Some say it was started by immigrant Mexican engineers while others state it was started by Spaniards from Extremadura, Spain. The early morning, pre-dawn celebration is attended by over 10,000 people, including mayors and other prominent figures. The city of Ponce offers a free breakfast to everyone present at the historic Ponce City Hall after the religious Mass concludes.
PEER INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION
Sociedad de Autores y Compositores de México.
Las Mañanitas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.