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Leader of the Official Opposition (Canada) facts for kids

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Leader of Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition
Andrew Scheer 2019 (3x4 cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Andrew Scheer

since 27 May 2017
Style The Honourable
Residence Stornoway
Term length While leader of the largest party not in government
Inaugural holder Alexander Mackenzie
Formation March 6, 1873
Succession 14th in order of precedence
Deputy Vacant
Salary $255,300 (2017)

The Leader of Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition (French: chef de la loyale opposition de Sa Majesté) is the leader of Canada's Official Opposition. It is the party possessing the most seats in the House of Commons that is not the governing party or part of the governing coalition.

The current Leader of the Opposition is Andrew Scheer, M.P., who was elected Leader of the Conservative Party on May 27, 2017.

List of leaders

     Liberal Party of Canada      Liberal-Conservative Party, Conservative Party of Canada (1867–1942), Progressive Conservative Party of Canada      Bloc Québécois      Reform Party of Canada      Canadian Alliance      Conservative Party of Canada      New Democratic Party

Leader of the Opposition Party Took office Left office Prime Minister
1 Alexander Mackenzie-portrait.jpg Alexander Mackenzie
1st time
Liberal March 6, 1873 November 5, 1873     John A. Macdonald
2 Brady-Handy John A Macdonald - cropped.jpg John A. Macdonald Liberal-Conservative November 6, 1873 October 16, 1878 Alexander Mackenzie
(1) Alexander Mackenzie-portrait.jpg Alexander Mackenzie
2nd time
Liberal October 17, 1878 April 27, 1880 John A. Macdonald
vacant Liberal April 28, 1880 May 3, 1880
3 Edward Blake.jpg Edward Blake Liberal May 4, 1880 June 2, 1887
vacant Liberal June 3, 1887 June 22, 1887
4 Laurier in 1906.jpg Wilfrid Laurier
1st time
Liberal June 23, 1887 July 10, 1896
John Abbott
John Sparrow David Thompson
Mackenzie Bowell
Charles Tupper
5 Tupper Portrait.jpg Charles Tupper Conservative (historical) July 11, 1896 February 5, 1901 Wilfrid Laurier
6 RobertLBorden.jpg Robert Borden Conservative (historical) February 6, 1901 October 9, 1911
(4) Laurier in 1906.jpg Wilfrid Laurier
2nd time
Liberal October 10, 1911 February 17, 1919 Robert Borden
7 DanielDuncanMcKenzie.jpg Daniel Duncan McKenzie (acting) Liberal February 17, 1919 August 7, 1919
8 Wm Lyon Mackenzie King.jpg William Lyon Mackenzie King
1st time
Liberal August 7, 1919 December 28, 1921
Arthur Meighen
9 Former PM Arthur Meighen.jpg Arthur Meighen Conservative (historical) December 29, 1921 June 28, 1926 William Lyon Mackenzie King
(8) Wm Lyon Mackenzie King.jpg William Lyon Mackenzie King
2nd time
Liberal June 29, 1926 September 24, 1926 Arthur Meighen
vacant Conservative (historical) September 25, 1926 October 10, 1926 William Lyon Mackenzie King
10 Hugh Guthrie.png Hugh Guthrie Conservative (historical) October 11, 1926 October 11, 1927
11 Richard Bedford Bennett.jpg Richard Bedford Bennett
1st time
Conservative (historical) October 12, 1927 August 6, 1930
(8) Wm Lyon Mackenzie King.jpg William Lyon Mackenzie King
3rd time
Liberal August 7, 1930 October 22, 1935 R. B. Bennett
(11) Richard Bedford Bennett.jpg Richard Bedford Bennett
2nd time
Conservative (historical) October 23, 1935 July 6, 1938 William Lyon Mackenzie King
12 Robert Manion.jpg Robert Manion Conservative (historical) July 7, 1938 May 13, 1940
13 Richard Hanson 1940.jpg Richard Hanson (acting) Conservative (historical), then
Progressive Conservative
May 14, 1940 January 1, 1943
14 No image.svg Gordon Graydon (acting) Progressive Conservative January 1, 1943 June 10, 1945
15 John Bracken circa 1941.jpg John Bracken Progressive Conservative June 11, 1945 July 20, 1948
vacant Progressive Conservative July 21, 1948 October 1, 1948
16 GeorgeDrew.jpg George A. Drew
1st time
Progressive Conservative October 2, 1948 November 1, 1954
Louis St. Laurent
17 No image.svg William Earl Rowe (acting)
1st time
Progressive Conservative November 1, 1954 February 1, 1955
(16) GeorgeDrew.jpg George A. Drew
2nd time
Progressive Conservative February 1, 1955 August 1, 1956
(17) No image.svg William Earl Rowe (acting)
2nd time
Progressive Conservative August 1, 1956 December 13, 1956
18 John G. Diefenbaker.jpg John George Diefenbaker
1st time
Progressive Conservative December 14, 1956 June 20, 1957
19 Louisstlaurent.jpg Louis St. Laurent Liberal June 21, 1957 January 15, 1958 John Diefenbaker
20 Lester B. Pearson with a pencil.jpg Lester B. Pearson Liberal January 16, 1958 April 21, 1963
(18) John G. Diefenbaker.jpg John George Diefenbaker
2nd time
Progressive Conservative April 22, 1963 September 8, 1967 Lester B. Pearson
21 Michael Starr (acting) Progressive Conservative September 9, 1967 November 5, 1967
22 Robert Stanfield Progressive Conservative November 6, 1967 February 21, 1976
Pierre Trudeau
23 JoeClark.jpg Joe Clark
1st time
Progressive Conservative February 22, 1976 June 3, 1979
24 Pierre Elliot Trudeau-2.jpg Pierre Elliott Trudeau Liberal June 4, 1979 March 2, 1980 Joe Clark
(23) JoeClark.jpg Joe Clark
2nd time
Progressive Conservative March 3, 1980 February 1, 1983 Pierre Trudeau
25 No image.svg Erik Nielsen (acting) Progressive Conservative February 2, 1983 August 28, 1983
26 Mulroney.jpg Brian Mulroney Progressive Conservative August 29, 1983 September 16, 1984
John Turner
27 John Turner by Gage Skidmore.jpg John Turner Liberal September 17, 1984 February 7, 1990 Brian Mulroney
28 Herb Gray 2008.jpg Herb Gray (acting) Liberal February 8, 1990 December 20, 1990
29 Jean Chrétien 2010.jpg Jean Chrétien Liberal December 21, 1990 October 24, 1993
Kim Campbell
30 Lucien Bouchard 2009.png Lucien Bouchard Bloc Québécois October 25, 1993 January 14, 1996 Jean Chrétien
31 Gilles Duceppe2.jpg Gilles Duceppe (acting)
1st time
Bloc Québécois January 15, 1996 February 16, 1996
32 Michel Gauthier (cropped).jpg Michel Gauthier Bloc Québécois February 17, 1996 March 14, 1997
(31) Gilles Duceppe2.jpg Gilles Duceppe
2nd time
Bloc Québécois March 15, 1997 June 1, 1997
33 Preston Manning in 2004.jpg Preston Manning Reform June 2, 1997 March 26, 2000
34 Deborah Grey.jpg Deborah Grey (acting) Canadian Alliance March 27, 2000 September 10, 2000
35 Stockwell Day (infobox crop).jpg Stockwell Day Canadian Alliance September 11, 2000 December 11, 2001
36 Johnreynolds2006winter.JPG John Reynolds (acting) Canadian Alliance December 12, 2001 May 20, 2002
37 Stephen Harper by Remy Steinegger.jpg Stephen Harper
1st time
Canadian Alliance May 21, 2002 January 8, 2004
Paul Martin
38 No image.svg Grant Hill (acting) Canadian Alliance January 9, 2004 February 1, 2004
(38) Conservative February 2, 2004 March 19, 2004
(37) Stephen Harper by Remy Steinegger.jpg Stephen Harper
2nd time
Conservative March 20, 2004 February 5, 2006
39 Bill Graham by Rod Brito.jpg Bill Graham Liberal February 6, 2006 December 1, 2006 Stephen Harper
40 Stéphane Dion.jpg Stéphane Dion Liberal December 2, 2006 December 9, 2008
41 Victoria, BC Liberal Town Hall Forum public libéral.jpg Michael Ignatieff Liberal December 10, 2008 May 1, 2011
42 Jack Layton - 2011.jpg Jack Layton New Democratic May 2, 2011 August 22, 2011
43 Nycole Turmel.png Nycole Turmel New Democratic August 23, 2011 March 23, 2012
44 Thomas Mulcair, Lac des Castors, juin 2012.jpg Thomas Mulcair New Democratic March 24, 2012 November 4, 2015
45 Rona Ambrose - 2017 (35750557332) (cropped).jpg Rona Ambrose Conservative November 5, 2015 May 27, 2017 Justin Trudeau
46 Andrew Scheer 2019 (3x4 cropped).jpg Andrew Scheer Conservative May 27, 2017 Incumbent
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