kids encyclopedia robot

List of mammals of Yellowstone National Park facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
A bull elk grazes in Gibbon Meadows in the west-central portion of the park.
Elk and Bison inYellowstone, Wyoming
An elk grazes with a bison in the park.

There are at least 67 species of mammals known to live within Yellowstone National Park, a 2,219,791 acres (898,318 ha) protected area in the Rocky Mountains of Wyoming, Montana, and Idaho. Species are listed by common name, scientific name, typical habitat, and relative abundance.


A gray wolf runs through deep snow.
Pack of coyotes on snow
A coyote pack hunting in the snow.

Order: Carnivora Family: Canidae

  • Coyote (Canis latrans) valleys, grasslands, forests – common
  • Gray wolf (Canis lupus) valleys, grasslands, forests – common
  • Red fox (Vulpes vulpes) meadows, forests – common


Yellowstone grizzly
A grizzly bear

Order: Carnivora Family: Ursidae

  • Grizzly bear (Ursus arctos) grasslands, forests, alpine tundra – common
  • Black bear (Ursus americanus) forests – common


Order: Carnivora Family: Procyonidae


Order: Carnivora Family: Felidae

  • Cougar (Puma concolor) forests, rock outcrops – uncommon
  • Canada lynx (Lynx canadensis) coniferous forests – rare
  • Bobcat (Lynx rufus) coniferous forests, rock outcroppings – common


Order: Carnivora Family: Mustelidae


Order: Carnivora Family: Mephitidae

  • Striped skunk (Mephitis mephitis) riparian forests – rare

Rabbits and hares

Snowshoe Hare, Shirleys Bay
A snowshoe hare

Order: Lagomorpha Family: Leporidae


Order: Lagomorpha Family: Ochotonidae

  • American Pika (Ochotona princeps) alpine tundra, rocky areas – common


2003-08-18 Yellowstone bison in the road
Yellowstone is home to approximately 5,000 bison.

Order: Artiodactyla Family: Bovidae

  • American bison (Bison bison) grasslands, sagebrush, shrubland – abundant
  • Bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis) cliffs, rock outcroppings, alpine tundra – uncommon
  • Mountain Goat (Oreamnos americanus) cliffs, rock outcroppings, alpine tundra – uncommon (non-native)


Pronghorn buck (15574681907)
Pronghorn buck in snow.

Order: Artiodactyla Family: Antilocapridae

  • Pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) sagebrush, grassland – common

Elk, moose, and deer

Bull elk bugling in the gibbon meadow in the yellowstone national park
Elk are Yellowstone's most abundant large mammal.

Order: Artiodactyla Family: Cervidae

  • White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) grasslands, forests – uncommon
  • Mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) grasslands, shrubland, forests – common
  • Elk (Cervus canadensis) grasslands, shrubland, forest, alpine tundra – abundant
  • Moose (Alces alces) grasslands, forests, river, lakes – uncommon


Order: Soricomorpha Family: Soricidae

  • Dusky shrew (Sorex monticolus) meadows, forests – common
  • Masked shrew (Sorex cinereous) meadows, forests – common
  • American water shrew (Sorex palustris) meadows, riparian areas – common
  • Preble's shrew (Sorex preblei) meadows, forests – rare, if present
  • Dwarf shrew (Sorex nanus) meadows, forests – common.


Order: Rodentia Family: Castoridae

  • American beaver (Castor canadensis) riparian areas – fairly common, increasing


Chipmunk (8044073968)
A chipmunk

Order: Rodentia Family: Sciuridae

Voles and Woodrats

Baby Muskrat at Trout Lake
A muskrat

Order: Rodentia Family: Cricetidae

  • Common muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus) riparian – occasional
  • Western heather vole (Phenacomys intermedius) sagebrush, grasslands, forest – occasional
  • Water vole (Microtus richardsoni) riparian – occasional
  • Long-tailed vole (Microtus longicaudus) meadows – common
  • Southern red-backed vole (Myodes gapperi) coniferous forests – common
  • Meadow vole (Microtus pennsylvanicus) meadows – common
  • Montane vole (Microtus montanus) meadows, sagebrush, riparian – common
  • Bushy-tailed woodrat (Neotoma cinerea) rocky areas – common


Peromyscus maniculatus
A deer mouse

Order: Rodentia Family: Cricetidae

  • Deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus) grasslands – common

Jumping mice

Order: Rodentia Family: Dipodidae

  • Western jumping mouse (Zapus princeps) riparian – occasional


Porcupine NPS11952
A porcupine

Order: Rodentia Family: Erethizontidae


Western long-eared bat (Myotis evotis) (9403869552)
A silver-haired bat clings to a tree trunk.

Order: Chiroptera Family: Vespertilionidae

kids search engine
List of mammals of Yellowstone National Park Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.