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Small mammals of Yellowstone National Park facts for kids

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Marten with Flowers
American marten

There are at least 50 small mammal species known to occur in Yellowstone National Park.

Species are listed by common name, scientific name, typical habitat and relative abundance.


Order: Carnivora Family: Procyonidae

  • Raccoon, Procyon lotor, rivers, cottonwoods, rare

Badgers and weasels

Order: Carnivora Family: Mustelidae


Order: Carnivora Family: Mephitidae

  • Striped skunk, Mephitis mephitis, riparian to forest, rare

Hares and rabbits

Order: Lagomorpha Family: Leporidae


Order: Lagomorpha Family: Ochotonidae


Order: Soricomorpha Family: Soricidae

  • Dusky shrew, Sorex monticolus, moist meadows, forests, common
  • Masked shrew, Sorex cinereus, moist meadows, forests, common
  • American water shrew, Sorex palustris, moist meadows, forests, common
  • Preble's shrew, Sorex preblei, moist meadows, forests, rare, if present
  • Dwarf shrew, Sorex nanus, moist meadows, forests, rare


Order: Rodentia Family: Castoridae

  • Beaver, Castor canadensis, ponds, streams, approximately 500


Order: Rodentia Family: Sciuridae

Pocket gophers

Order: Rodentia Family: Geomyidae


Order: Rodentia Family: Cricetidae

  • Deer mouse, Peromyscus maniculatus, grasslands, common

Jumping mice

Order: Rodentia Family: Dipodidae

  • Western jumping mouse, Zapus princeps, riparian, occasional

Muskrats, voles and woodrats

Order: Rodentia Family: Cricetidae

  • Muskrat, Ondatra zibethicus, streams, lakes, ponds, common
  • Western heather vole, Phenacomys intermedius, sagebrush to forests, occasional
  • Long-tailed vole, Microtus longicaudus, moist meadows, common
  • Meadow vole, Microtus pennsylvanicus, moist meadows, common
  • Montane vole, Microtus montanus, moist meadows, common
  • Southern red-backed vole, Myodes gapperi, dense forests, common
  • Water vole, Microtus richardsoni, riparian, occasional
  • Bushy-tailed woodrat, Neotoma cinerea, rocky slopes, common


Order: Rodentia Family: Erethizontidae


Order: Chiroptera Family: Vespertilionidae

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Small mammals of Yellowstone National Park Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.