Lycurgus of Sparta facts for kids
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Lycurgus of Sparta
Lycurgus ( Greek: Λυκοῦργος, Lykoȗrgos fl. c. 820 BC) was the quasi-legendary lawgiver of Sparta who established the military-oriented reformation of Spartan society in accordance with the Oracle of Apollo at Delphi. All his reforms promoted the three Spartan virtues: equality (among citizens), military fitness, and austerity.
He is referred to by ancient historians and philosophers Herodotus, Xenophon, Plato, Polybius, Plutarch, and Epictetus. It is not clear if Lycurgus was an actual historical figure; however, many ancient historians believed that he instituted the communalistic and militaristic reforms–most notably the Great Rhetra–which transformed Spartan society.
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Bas-relief of Lycurgus, one of 23 great lawgivers depicted in the chamber of the U.S. House of Representatives
Lycurgus of Sparta Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.