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Samos
Σάμος
Regional unit
  • Regional unit of Samos
    Περιφερειακή ενότητα Σάμου  (Greek)
  • Municipality of Samos
    Δήμος Σάμου  (Greek)
Vathy, capital of Samos
Vathy, capital of Samos
Official seal of Samos
Seal
Samos within the North Aegean
Samos within the North Aegean
Country  Greece
Region North Aegean
Area
 • Total 477.4 km2 (184.3 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 32,977
 • Density 69.076/km2 (178.907/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal codes 831 xx
Area codes 2273
Car plates MO

Samos is a Greek island. It is the eighth biggest Greek island. It is in the east of Aegean sea. Opposite Samos is the west coasts of Turkey. Also Samos is one of 51 prefectures of Greece. The prefecture in addition includes the Ikaria island and Fournoi Island. The capital of Samos is Samos City. The area of the island is 478 km2. It is separated from Anatolia, by the approximately 1 mile wide Mycale Strait. While largely mountainous, Samos has several relatively large and fertile plains. A great portion of the island is covered with vineyards, from which wine is made. The island of Samos is a lush, very  green island with forests and with many places to visit. It is also the birthplace of  the mathematician Pythagoras. Today Samos is an island which attracts tourists from all over the world for the wonderful nature, the impressive mountainous and verdant landscape and the plethora of archaeological sites.

Fauna

Samos is home to many surprising species including the golden jackal, stone marten, wild boar, flamingos and monk seal.

Climate

Samos is one of the sunniest places in Europe with almost 3300 hours of sunshine annually or 74% of the day time. Its climate is mild and wet in winter and dry in summer.

Economy

Samos muscat wine
Muscat of Samos
Boytsa me glyko krasi - panoramio
Samian wine

The Samian economy depends mainly on agriculture and the tourist industry which has been growing steadily since the early 1980s. The main agricultural products include grapes, honey, olives, olive oil, citrus fruit, dried figs, almonds and flowers. The Muscat grape is the main crop used for wine production. Samian wine is also exported under several other appellations.

Places of interest

Aqueduct of Eupalinos

The most interest sight of Samos is the ancient aqueduct. It was construct by the ancient Greek mechanic Eupalinos, so it is called "Eupalinio Orygma" in Greek. It is a big tunnel which is 1,030 metres (3,379.3 ft) long. It had been constructed to carry water in the town of ancient Samos. Other important places is the ancient town which is in the south of island and the contemporary beautiful villages of Samos.

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