Epicurus facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Roman marble bust of Epicurus
|Born||February 341 BC
|School||Epicureanism, atomism, materialism, hedonism|
|Physics, ethics, epistemology|
the "moving"/"static" pleasures distinction,
ataraxia, aponia, atomic swerve
As a boy he studied philosophy under the Platonist teacher Pamphilus for about four years. At the age of 18 he went to Athens for his two-year term of military service. Epicurus never married and had no children, so far as we know.
Epicurus helped in the development of science and the scientific method because he said that nothing should be believed except what we can test through direct observation and logical deduction. His ideas about nature and physics hinted at scientific concepts developed in modern times.
Epicurus' only surviving complete works are three letters, which can be found in book X of Diogenes Laertius' Lives of Eminent Philosophers, and two groups of quotes: the Principal Doctrines, reported as well in Diogenes' book X, and the Vatican Sayings, preserved in a manuscript from the Vatican Library.
- Bailey C. (1928) The Greek Atomists and Epicurus, Oxford.
- Bakalis Nikolaos (2005) Handbook of Greek Philosophy: From Thales to the Stoics Analysis and Fragments, Trafford Publishing, ISBN: 1-4120-4843-5
- Digireads.com The Works of Epicurus, January 2004.
- Eugene O’ Connor The Essential Epicurus, Prometheus Books, New York 1993.
- Edelstein Epicureanism, Two Collections of Fragments and Studies Garland Publ. March 1987
- Farrington, Benjamin. Science and Politics in the Ancient World, 2nd ed. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1965. A Marxist interpretation of Epicurus, the Epicurean movement, and its opponents.
- Gottlieb, Anthony. The Dream of Reason: A History of Western Philosophy from the Greeks to the Renaissance. London: Penguin, 2001. ISBN: 0-14-025274-6
- Inwood, Brad, tr. The Epicurus Reader, Hackett Publishing Co, March 1994.
- Oates Whitney Jenning, The Stoic and Epicurean philosophers, The Complete Extant Writings of Epicurus, Epictetus, Lucretius and Marcus Aurelius, Random House, 9th printing 1940.
- Panicha, George A. Epicurus, Twayne Publishers, 1967
- Prometheus Books, Epicurus Fragments, August 1992.
- Russel M. Geer Letters, Principal Doctrines, Vatican Sayings, Bobbs-Merrill Co, January 1964.
- Diogenes of Oinoanda. The Epicurean Inscription, edited with Introduction, Translation and Notes by Martin Ferguson Smith, Bibliopolis, Naples 1993.
- The Difference Between the Democritean and Epicurean Philosophy of Nature – Karl Marx’s doctoral thesis.
- ==Images for kids==
Illustration from 1885 of a small bronze bust of Epicurus from Herculaneum. Three Epicurus bronze busts were recovered from the Villa of the Papyri, as well as text fragments.
The most famous version of the problem of evil is attributed to Epicurus by David Hume (pictured), who was relying on an attribution of it to him by the Christian apologist Lactantius. The trilemma does not occur in any of Epicurus's extant writings, however. If Epicurus did write some version of it, it would have been an argument against divine providence, not the existence of deities.
The French priest and philosopher Pierre Gassendi is responsible for reviving Epicureanism in modernity as an alternative to Aristotelianism.
Bust of Epicurus leaning against his disciple Metrodorus in the Louvre Museum
Epicurus Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.