Multi-core processor facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
E6750bs8
An Intel Core 2 Duo E6750 dual-core processor.
Athlon64x2-6400plus
An AMD Athlon X2 6400+ dual-core processor.

A multi-core CPU is a computer processor which has two or more sections. Each section of the chip executes instructions as if it was a separate computer. The actual processors are still on one chip. On this chip every core looks mostly like the other. They are several mostly independent cores which work together in parallel. A dual-core processor is a multi-core processor with two independent microprocessors. A quad-core processor is a multi-core processor with four independent microprocessors. As you might be able to tell from the prefix, the name of the processor is based on the number of the microprocessors on the chip.

History

Until 2005 single-core processors outnumbered multi-core processors.

Advantages

  • Having a multi-core processor in a computer means that it will work faster for certain programs.
  • The computer may not get as hot when it is turned on.
  • The computer needs less power because it can turn off some sections if they arenĀ“t needed.
  • More features can be added to the computer.
  • The signals between different CPUs travel shorter distances, therefore they degrade less.

Disadvantages

  • They do not work at twice the speed as a normal processor. They get only 60-80% more speed.
  • The speed that the computer works at depends on what the user is doing with it.
  • They cost more than single core processors.
  • They are more difficult to manage thermally than lower-density single-core processors.
  • Not all operating systems support more than one core.
  • Operating systems compiled for a multi-core processor will run slightly slower on a single-core processor.

Operating System Support

The following operating systems support multi-core processors

Conclusion

In the next years the trend will go to multi-core processors more and more. The main reason is that they are faster than single-core processors and they can be still improved. But in the future there will be still some applications for single-core processors because not every system needs a fast processor.


Multi-core processor Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.