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Mystic River Historic District facts for kids

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Mystic River Historic District
U.S. Historic district
Location U.S. 1 and CT 215, Groton, Connecticut
Area 235 acres (95 ha)
Architect Multiple
Architectural style Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals, Greek Revival, Late Victorian
NRHP reference No. 79002728
Added to NRHP August 24, 1979

The Mystic River Historic District encompasses that part of the village of Mystic, Connecticut that is on the Groton side of the Mystic River. The district was added to the National Register of Historic Places on August 24, 1979. The historic district is an approximately 235-acre (95 ha) area that includes much of the area of the village now known as West Mystic and includes many buildings from the 19th century.

The historic district includes properties along Route 1, West Mystic Avenue, Route 215, High Street, Pearl Street, and Cliff Street. Mystic Pizza, a restaurant made famous by the movie of the same name, is located in the district.

According to the 1979 National Register nomination, the importance of the district "...derives from the completeness of the 19th-century community here preserved. Seldom are houses, public buildings, stores, and factories of a 19th century town all in place, in good condition, and still in use, as they are in Mystic. The variety of architectural styles that the prosperous seafaring citizens employed in building up their community provide fine examples of the ongoing, 19th-century development of taste and design."

In 1978, the district included about 470 sites and structures, of which 265 were houses built in Greek Revival, Italianate, or Queen Anne architectural styles that originated and grew to be popular during the 19th century. Two historic sites in the district are:

  • site of Fort Rachel, where in 1814 a single 12-pounder cannon repulsed British attack on Mystic
  • site of massacre of Pequot Indians in 1637, location not precisely known

The district's boundaries are similar to those of a local historic district that was designated in 1974, but it includes some more modern structures than were included in the local designation, and its boundary lines are less irregular.

It includes the former train depot of West Mystic.

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