New Zealand Order of Merit facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsNew Zealand Order of Merit
|Badge of the Order|
|Awarded by the monarch of New Zealand|
|Type||National order of merit|
|Motto||For Merit—Tohu Hiranga|
|Eligibility||Citizens of Commonwealth realms|
|Sovereign||Queen Elizabeth II|
|Chancellor||Dame Patsy Reddy|
|Grades (w/ post-nominals)||
|Established||30 May 1996|
|Last induction||2020 Queen's Birthday Honours|
|Next (higher)||Order of New Zealand|
|Next (lower)||Queen's Service Order|
|Ribbon of the New Zealand Order of Merit|
The New Zealand Order of Merit is an order of merit in the New Zealand royal honours system. It was established by royal warrant on 30 May 1996 by Elizabeth II, Queen of New Zealand, "for those persons who in any field of endeavour, have rendered meritorious service to the Crown and nation or who have become distinguished by their eminence, talents, contributions or other merits", to recognise outstanding service to the Crown and people of New Zealand in a civil or military capacity.
In the order of precedence, the New Zealand Order of Merit ranks immediately after the Order of New Zealand.
Prior to 1996 New Zealanders received appointments to various British orders, such as the Order of the Bath, the Order of St Michael and St George, the Order of the British Empire, and the Order of the Companions of Honour, as well as the distinction of Knight Bachelor. The change came about after the Prime Minister's Honours Advisory Committee (1995) was created "to consider and present options and suggestions on the structure of a New Zealand Royal Honours System in New Zealand, which is designed to recognise meritorious service, gallantry and bravery and long service".
The monarch of New Zealand is the Sovereign of the order and the Governor-General is its Chancellor. Appointments are made at five levels:
- Knight or Dame Grand Companion (GNZM)
- Knight or Dame Companion (KNZM or DNZM)
- Companion (CNZM)
- Officer (ONZM)
- Member (MNZM).
From 2000 to 2009, the two highest levels of the Order were Principal Companion (PCNZM) and Distinguished Companion (DCNZM), without the appellation of "Sir" or "Dame".
The number of Knights and Dames Grand Companion (and Principal Companions) is limited to 30 living people. Additionally, new appointments are limited to 15 Knights or Dames Companion, 40 Companions, 80 Officers and 140 Members per year.
As well as the five levels, there are three different types of membership. Ordinary membership is limited to citizens of New Zealand or a Commonwealth realm. "Additional" members, appointed on special occasions, are not counted in the numerical limits. People who are not citizens of a Commonwealth realm are given "Honorary" membership; if they subsequently adopt citizenship of a Commonwealth realm they are eligible for Additional membership.
There is also a Secretary and Registrar (the Clerk of the Executive Council) and a Herald (the New Zealand Herald of Arms) of the Order.
Insignia and other distinctions
- The Collar, worn only by the Sovereign and Chancellor, comprises "links of the central medallion of the badge" and "S"-shaped Koru, with the Coat of Arms of New Zealand in centre. Hanging from the Coat of Arms is the badge of the Order.
- The Star is an eight-pointed star with each arm bearing a representation of a fern frond, with the Order's badge superimposed in the centre. Grand Companions wear a gold star and Knight Companions wear a silver star.
- The Badge for the three highest classes is a gold and white enamel cross with curved edges bearing at its centre the coat of arms of New Zealand within a green enamel ring bearing the motto For Merit Tohu Hiranga, topped by a royal crown. The badge for Officers and Members is similar, but in silver-gilt and silver respectively. Grand Companions wear the badge on a sash over the right shoulder (though the Governor-General usually wears it as a neck decoration in lieu of the Collar); Knight Companions and Companions wear the badge on a neck ribbon (men) or a bow on the left shoulder (women). Officers and Members wear the badge from a ribbon on the left lapel (men) or a bow on the left shoulder (women).
- The ribbon and sash are plain red ochre.
The order's statutes grant heraldic privileges to members of the first and second level, who are entitled to have the Order's circlet ("a green circle, edged gold, and inscribed with the Motto of the Order in gold") surrounding their shield. Grand Companions are also entitled to heraldic supporters. The Chancellor is entitled to supporters and a representation of the Collar of the Order around his/her shield.
- Sovereign: Elizabeth II
- Chancellor and Principal Dame Grand Companion: The Governor-General, Dame Patsy Reddy
- Secretary and Registrar: Michael L. C. Webster (18 March 2014)
- Herald: Philip O'Shea CNZM CVO (23 September 1996)
Living Grand and Principal Companions
|No.||Name||Portrait||Honour||Date of appointment||Known for||Present age|
|1||Sir William Birch
GNZM PC JP
|Knight Grand Companion||7 June 1999||38th Minister of Finance||87|
|2||Dame Sian Elias
GNZM PC QC
|Dame Grand Companion||7 June 1999||12th Chief Justice of New Zealand||72|
|3||Sir Lloyd Geering
ONZ GNZM CBE
|Knight Grand Companion||30 December 2000||Theological scholar||103|
|4||Dame Malvina Major
ONZ GNZM DBE
|Dame Grand Companion||31 December 2007||Opera singer||78|
|5||Sir Ray Avery
|Knight Grand Companion||31 December 2010||Pharmaceutical scientist||74|
|6||Sir Murray Brennan
|Knight Grand Companion||31 December 2014||Surgeon, cancer researcher & medical academic||81|
|7||Sir John Key
|Knight Grand Companion||5 June 2017||38th Prime Minister of New Zealand||60|
|8||Sir Stephen Tindall
|Knight Grand Companion||31 December 2018||Businessman and philanthropist||70|
|Sir Michael Hardie Boys
GNZM GCMG QSO KStJ
|Knight Grand Companion||3 June 1996||Former Governor-General||89|
|Dame Silvia Cartwright
PCNZM DBE QSO DStJ
|Principal Companion||20 March 2001||Former Governor-General||77|
|Sir Anand Satyanand
GNZM QSO KStJ
|Knight Grand Companion||5 June 2006||Former Governor-General||77|
|Sir Jerry Mateparae
GNZM QSO KStJ
|Knight Grand Companion||20 May 2011||Former Governor-General||66|
|Dame Patsy Reddy
GNZM QSO DStJ
|Dame Grand Companion||27 June 2016||Governor-General||67|
|Dame Helen Winkelmann
|Dame Grand Companion||4 March 2019||13th Chief Justice of New Zealand||59|
Living Distinguished Companions
The following contains the names of the small number of living Distinguished Companions (DCNZM) who chose not to convert their appointment to a Knight or Dame Companion, and thus not to accept the respective appellation of "Sir" or "Dame". The majority of those affected chose the aforereferenced appellations.
|Name||Portrait||Date of appointment||Known for||Present age|
|5 June 2000||Writer and actor||84|
|7 June 2004||Writer||78|
|7 June 2004||Former Bishop of Dunedin||79|
ONZ DCNZM OBE
|6 June 2005||Writer||85|
|30 December 2006||Actor||74|
|4 June 2007||Writer||84|
|31 December 2008||Former Speaker of Parliament||74|
New Zealand Order of Merit Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.