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Piccadilly
Piccadilly line flag box.png
Colour on map Dark blue
Year opened 1906
Line type Deep Tube
Rolling stock 1973 tube stock
6 cars per trainset
Stations served 53
Length 71 km (44 mi)
Depots Cockfosters
Northfields
Journeys made 176,177,000

The Piccadilly line is a line of the London Underground. It is coloured dark blue on the Tube map. It is the fifth busiest line on the Underground network judged by the number of passengers transported per year. It is mainly a deep-level line, running from the north to the west of London via Zone 1. However, there are a number of surface sections mostly in its westernmost parts. Out of the 53 stations served, 25 are underground. It is the second longest line on the system, after the Central Line.

Infrastructure

Rolling stock

1973ts trains at Rayners Lane
Piccadilly line trains of 1973 stock at Rayners Lane station

Like most Underground lines, the Piccadilly line is operated by a single type of rolling stock. In this case it is the 1973 tube stock. The trains are painted in the standard London Underground livery of blue, white and red. Seventy-six trains out of a fleet of 88 are needed to run the line's peak service. One unit (166-566-366) was severely damaged by the terrorist attack of 7 July 2005. The stock was recently refurbished, and was due for replacement by 2014, but the order for new trains was cancelled in July 2010.

The line was previously worked by 1959 stock, 1956 stock, 1938 stock, standard tube stock and 1906 gate stock.

The line has two depots, at Northfields and Cockfosters. There are sidings at Oakwood, South Harrow, Arnos Grove, Rayners Lane, Down Street, Wood Green, Acton Town, Ruislip and Uxbridge.

Signalling

The line is controlled from the control centre at Earl's Court, which it used to share with the District line. It is in need of resignalling, and this work is planned to be carried out by 2014.

Service pattern

The current off-peak service pattern is:

6 trains per hour Cockfosters – Heathrow Terminal 5 (via Terminals 1, 2, 3)
6 trains per hour Cockfosters – Heathrow Terminal 4 (returning around the loop and serving Terminals 1, 2, 3)
3 trains per hour Cockfosters – Uxbridge
3 trains per hour Cockfosters – Rayners Lane
6 trains per hour Arnos Grove – Northfields

Often late evening services terminate at Oakwood instead of Cockfosters.

Trains will also make an additional stop at Turnham Green during early mornings and late evenings but will not stop at the station during the main part of the day.

Other services operate at times, especially at the start and towards the end of the traffic day.

Map

Geographically accurate path of the Piccadilly line

Easier Versions can be found http://www.tfl.gov.uk/assets/downloads/standard-tube-map.gif

Stations

Piccadilly line
Cockfosters
Cockfosters Depot
Oakwood
Southgate
Arnos Grove
BSicon .svg
Arnos Grove sidings
Bounds Green
Wood Green
Turnpike Lane
Manor House
Finsbury Park Victoria Line National Rail
BSicon .svg
connection to Victoria line
Arsenal
Holloway Road
Caledonian Road
York Road closed 1932
King's Cross St. Pancras Circle Line Hammersmith & City Line Metropolitan Line Northern Line Victoria Line National Rail
BSicon .svg
connection to Northern line
Russell Square
Holborn Central Line
BSicon .svg
Aldwych closed 1994
Covent Garden
Leicester Square Northern Line
Piccadilly Circus Bakerloo Line
Green Park Jubilee Line Victoria Line
Down Street closed 1932
Hyde Park Corner
Knightsbridge
Brompton Road closed 1934
South Kensington Circle Line District Line
Gloucester Road Circle Line District Line
Earl's Court District Line
uSTR BSicon .svg
District line
to Central London
Barons Court District Line
Hammersmith Circle Line District Line Hammersmith & City Line
Ravenscourt Park
Stamford Brook
Turnham Green District Line
early mornings & late evenings only
District line
to Richmond
Chiswick Park
d + uSTR
Acton Works
Acton Town District Line
Ealing Common Depot
BSicon .svg
uSTR
Ealing Common District Line
uSTR
Great Western Main Line
to Paddington | to Ealing Broadway
uSTR
Central line
to Central London | to Ealing Broadway
uSTR
District line
to Ealing Broadway
uSTR
North Ealing
uSTR
Park Royal opened 1931
uSTR
Central line
to Central London | to West Ruislip
KRZ2+4o + uSTR
uSTR
Acton-Northolt Line
uSTR
Park Royal & Twyford Abbey closed 1931
uSTR
River Brent
uSTR
Grand Union Canal (Paddington Branch)
uSTR
Alperton
uSTR
Sudbury Town
uSTR
Sudbury Hill (National Rail Sudbury Hill Harrow)
KRZ2+4o + uSTR
uSTR
Chiltern Main Line
to Marylebone | to South Ruislip
uSTR
South Harrow
BSicon uSTR.svg
uSTR
Metropolitan line
to Baker Street
uSTR
Rayners Lane Metropolitan Line
uSTR
Eastcote Metropolitan Line
uSTR
Ruislip Manor Metropolitan Line
uSTR
Ruislip Metropolitan Line
uSTR
Chiltern Main Line
to West Ruislip | to South Ruislip
uSTR
Central line
to West Ruislip | to Central London
BSicon uSTR.svg
uSTR
To Ruislip Central line depot
uSTR
Ickenham Metropolitan Line
uSTR
Hillingdon closed 1992
uSTR
Hillingdon Metropolitan Line opened 1992
BSicon .svg
BSicon .svg
Uxbridge Depot
BSicon .svg
Uxbridge closed 1938
Uxbridge Metropolitan Line opened 1938
BSicon .svg
South Ealing
Northfields
Northfields Depot
Boston Manor
M4 motorway
Grand Junction Canal
Brentford Branch Line
Osterley & Spring Grove closed 1934
Osterley opened 1934
BSicon .svg
BSicon .svg
Hounslow East
BSicon .svg
BSicon .svg uSTR
Hounslow Town closed 1909
Hounslow Central
BSicon .svg
Hounslow West closed 1975
Hounslow West opened 1975
River Crane
Hatton Cross
BSicon .svg
BSicon .svg
Heathrow Terminals 1, 2, 3 London Heathrow Airport Template:Heathrow rail services
FLUG utSTR
Heathrow Terminal 4 London Heathrow Airport
BSicon .svg
Heathrow Terminal 5 London Heathrow Airport Template:Heathrow rail services
Step-free access notification (Piccadilly line)
Notice explaining about step-free access. This can be found inside every Piccadilly line train.
Going to Covent Garden? notification
Notice explaining alternative routes to Covent Garden. This can be found inside every Piccadilly line train.

(In order from east to west.)

Cockfosters branch

Cockfosters branch
Station Image Opened Additional information
Cockfosters 31 July 1933 One of the two depots is located here
Oakwood Handicapped/disabled access Oakwood tube station better.jpg 13 March 1933 Opened as Enfield West; renamed Enfield West Oakwood 3 May 1934; renamed 1 September 1946
Southgate Southgate station building2.JPG 13 March 1933 in deep-level tunnel
Arnos Grove Arnos Grove stn building.JPG 19 September 1932 Trains may terminate here: there are several sidings for stabling trains
Tunnel section commences
Bounds Green Bounds Green stn building.jpg 19 September 1932
Wood Green Wood Green tube station 070414.JPG 19 September 1932
Turnpike Lane Turnpike Lane stn building.JPG 19 September 1932
Manor House Manor House stn main entrance.JPG 19 September 1932
Original Section
Finsbury Park National Rail Finsbury Park tube stn entrance Station Place.JPG 15 December 1906
Arsenal Arsenal station entrance.JPG 15 December 1906 Opened as Gillespie Road; renamed Arsenal (Highbury Hill) 31 October 1932; the suffix was later dropped in 1960
Holloway Road Holloway Road stn building.JPG 15 December 1906
Caledonian Road Handicapped/disabled access Caledonian Road stn building.JPG 15 December 1906
King's Cross St. Pancras Handicapped/disabled access National Rail King's Cross St Pancras tube stn Euston Rd NE entrance.JPG 15 December 1906 Opened as King's Cross; renamed King's Cross for St. Pancras 1927; renamed 1933
Russell Square Russell Square station.jpg 15 December 1906
Holborn Holborn Tube Station - April 2006.jpg 15 December 1906 Renamed Holborn (Kingsway) 22 May 1933; the suffix was later dropped.
Covent Garden Covent Garden stn building.JPG 11 April 1907
Leicester Square Leicester Square stn northwest entrance.JPG 15 December 1906
Piccadilly Circus Piccadilly Circus Tube Station Entrance.jpg 15 December 1906
Green Park Green Park stn building.JPG 15 December 1906 Opened as Dover Street; renamed 18 September 1933
Hyde Park Corner Hyde Park Corner stn southwest entrance.JPG 15 December 1906 In the event of disruption, trains may terminate here via a crossover
Knightsbridge Knightsbridge station east entrance.JPG 15 December 1906
South Kensington South Kensington station.jpg 8 January 1907
Gloucester Road GlocesterRoadTube.jpg 15 December 1906
Earl's Court Handicapped/disabled access EarlsCourtEntrance2.jpg 15 December 1906
Tunnel section ends
Barons Court Barons-court-tube.jpg 15 December 1906
Hammersmith Handicapped/disabled access Hammersmith entrance District and Piccadilly lines.jpg 15 December 1906

Extension to Hounslow and Uxbridge

Extension to Hounslow and Uxbridge
Station Image Opened Additional information
Turnham Green Turnham Green stn building.JPG 1 January 1869 Originally the London and South Western Railway; first served by the Piccadilly line 23 June 1963
Acton Town Handicapped/disabled access ActonTown1.jpg 1 July 1879 Originally the Metropolitan District Railway, later District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 4 July 1932
The line splits here into two branches – the Heathrow branch and the Uxbridge branch.

Heathrow branch

Continuing from Acton Town
Station Image Opened Additional information
South Ealing South Ealing stn building.JPG 1 May 1883 Originally the Metropolitan District Railway, later District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 29 April 1935
Northfields Northfields station building.JPG 16 April 1908 Originally the District line (one of the two depots is here and some trains terminate here); first served by the Piccadilly line 9 January 1933
Boston Manor Boston Manor stn building.JPG 1 May 1883 Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 13 March 1933
Osterley Osterley station building2.JPG 23 March 1934
Hounslow East Handicapped/disabled access Hounslow East stn building.JPG 2 May 1909 Opened as Hounslow Town by the District line renamed 1 December 1925; first served by the Piccadilly line 13 March 1933
Hounslow Central Hounslow Central building.JPG 1 April 1886 Opened as Heston-Hounslow by the District line, renamed 1 December 1925; first served by the Piccadilly line 13 March 1933
Tunnel section recommences
Hounslow West Handicapped/disabled access Hounslow West stn building.JPG 21 July 1884 Opened as Hounslow Barracks) by the District line, renamed 1 December 1925; first served by the Piccadilly line 13 March 1933, resited 19 July 1975
Hatton Cross Hatton Cross stn northern entrance.JPG 19 July 1975
Heathrow Terminal 4 Handicapped/disabled access Heathrow Terminal 4 tube entrance.JPG 12 April 1986
Heathrow Terminals 1, 2, 3 Handicapped/disabled access Heathrow Terms 123 entrance.JPG 16 December 1977 Opened as Heathrow Central; renamed Heathrow Central Terminals 1,2,3 on 3 September 1983; renamed 12 April 1986
Heathrow Terminal 5 Handicapped/disabled access Heathrow Terminal 5 Underground entrance.JPG 27 March 2008

Just beyond Heathrow Terminals 1, 2, 3 tube station, the line goes into a new section to serve Heathrow Terminal 5 tube station, which opened in March 2008. Half of all Heathrow trains use the loop and serve Terminal 4 and the other half omit Terminal 4 and serve Terminal 5.

Uxbridge branch

Continuing from Acton Town
Station Image Opened Additional information
Ealing Common Ealing Common stn building.JPG 1 July 1879 Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 4 July 1932
North Ealing North Ealing stn building.JPG 23 June 1903 Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 4 July 1932
Park Royal Park Royal stn building.JPG 6 July 1931 Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 4 July 1932; renamed Park Royal (Hanger Hill) 1 March 1936; renamed 1947
Alperton Alperton station building.JPG 28 June 1903 Opened as Perivale-Alperton by the District line; renamed 7 October 1910; first served by the Piccadilly line 4 July 1932
Sudbury Town Handicapped/disabled access Sudbury Town stn main entrance.JPG 28 June 1903 Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 4 July 1932
Sudbury Hill (National Rail Sudbury Hill Harrow) Sudbury Hill stn building.JPG 28 June 1903 Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 4 July 1932
South Harrow South Harrow stn southern entrance.JPG 28 June 1903 Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 4 July 1932; closed when re-located 4 July 1935; re-opened 5 July 1935
Rayners Lane Rayners Lane stn building.JPG 1 March 1910 Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 23 October 1933 (from here to Uxbridge trains share track with Metropolitan line, and some trains terminate here)
Eastcote Eastcote tube station 1.jpg 1 March 1910 Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 23 October 1933
Ruislip Manor Ruislip Manor tube station 1.jpg 5 August 1912 Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 23 October 1933
Ruislip Ruislip station building.JPG 1 March 1910 Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 23 October 1933 (some trains terminate here in Monday-Friday peak hours)
Ickenham Ickenham tube station 1.jpg 1 March 1910 Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 23 October 1933
Hillingdon Handicapped/disabled access Hillingdon stn entrance.JPG 10 December 1923 Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 23 October 1933; renamed Hillingdon (Swakeleys) April 1934; the suffix was later dropped; closed when re-located 5 December 1992; re-opened 6 December 1992
Uxbridge Handicapped/disabled access Uxbridge station entrance.JPG 1 March 1910 Terminus. Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 23 October 1933; closed when re-located 3 December 1938; re-opened 4 December 1938

Closed stations

Aldwych branch (en)
The Aldwych branch
  • Aldwych opened on 30 November 1907 as the Strand tube station. It was at the end of a branch line from the main line at Holborn. An evening through-northbound 'Theatre' train ran until 1910. From 1917 onwards, it was served only by a shuttle from Holborn. In the same year it was renamed Aldwych when Charing Cross on the Northern line was renamed Strand. It was temporarily closed in 1940 during World War II to be used as an air-raid shelter. It re-opened in 1946. The possibility of extending the branch to Waterloo was discussed, but the scheme never proceeded. Aldwych was finally closed on 30 September 1994; the level of use was said to be too low to justify the £1 million in estimated costs of a complete replacement of the lifts. The station is regularly used by film makers.
  • Brompton Road opened 15 December 1906; closed 30 July 1934, between Knightsbridge and South Kensington.
  • Down Street opened 15 December 1906; closed 21 May 1932, between Green Park and Hyde Park Corner.
  • Osterley & Spring Grove first served 13 March 1933; closed 24 March 1934 between Boston Manor and Hounslow East. It was replaced by Osterley.
  • Park Royal & Twyford Abbey opened 23 June 1903; closed 5 July 1931. Although on the route of the current Piccadilly line, a short distance north of the present Park Royal station, it was never served by Piccadilly line trains. It was opened by the District line, the original operator of the line between Ealing Common and South Harrow, and was closed and replaced by the present Park Royal station before the Piccadilly line started running trains to South Harrow in 1932.
  • York Road opened 15 December 1906; closed 19 September 1932, between King's Cross St Pancras and Caledonian Road. It has been suggested that this station may be reopened to serve new developments on the nearby Kings Cross railway lands, but this idea is not being progressed at present. The road the station served, 'York Road', has since been renamed 'York Way'.

Future

The Piccadilly line was to be upgraded in 2014–15 and would have had new trains as well as new signalling. This would have increased the line's capacity by some 24%. Bids for the rolling-stock order were submitted in 2008. However, after the acquisition of Tube Lines by Transport for London in June 2010, this order was cancelled.

Other pages

  • Leslie Green – architect of the Great Northern, Piccadilly & Brompton Railway's early stations
  • Vauxhall Cross tube station – fictional Piccadilly line tube station

Maps

Images for kids


Piccadilly line Facts for Kids. Homework Help - Kiddle Encyclopedia.