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Pig (dice) facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

Pig is a jeopardy (risk) dice game played with one die. In jeopardy dice games, a player decides to roll or hold (stop rolling). A player that rolls risks a turn total, and may gain a higher turn total or score nothing. A player that holds scores the turn total.

John Scarne wrote about Pig as a common dice game in 1945. Optimal (perfect) play has been computed. Teachers often use Pig for fun lessons.

Rules

On a player's turn, a player can roll or hold:

  • roll: The player can roll a die.
    • When a player rolls a 1 (called a "pig"), the turn ends and the player score does not change.
    • When a player rolls a 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6, the turn continues and the player adds the roll to the turn total.
  • hold: The player says "hold" and gives the die to the next player.
    • When a player "holds", the turn ends and the player adds the turn total to the score.

The first player to score 100 or more points wins.

Example Play

For example, Ann begins a turn with a roll of 5. She could hold and score 5 points, but she decides to roll again. Next, Ann rolls a 2. She could hold with a turn total of 7 points (2 + 5 = 7), but she decides to roll again. Next, Ann rolls a 1 ("pig"). She must end her turn. Her score does not change. She hands the dice to the next player, Bob.

Bob rolls a 4, 5, 3, 5, and 5. He then decides to hold. Bob adds 4 + 5 + 3 + 5 + 5 = 22 points to his score.

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Pig (dice) Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.