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Pouteria cotinifolia facts for kids

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Pouteria cotinifolia
Pouteria cotinifolia Coffs.jpg
Scientific classification
  • Planchonella cotinifolia (A.DC.) Dubard.
  • Hormogyne cotinifolia A.DC.

Pouteria cotinifolia is an Australian tree in the family Sapotaceae. The common names include small-leaved plum, yellow lemon and small-leaved coondoo. It occurs in the drier rainforests from the Richmond River, New South Wales to the Wenlock River in tropical Queensland.

It belongs to the large genus Pouteria which occurs across the tropics from South America to Indonesia and into eastern Australia. A genetic analysis of material found that Pouteria cotinifolia was most closely related to Pouteria eerwah and Pouteria australis was a sister to the two species, the three forming a distinct group.

It grows as a small tree, up to 15 m (49 ft) tall and a stem diameter of 40 cm (16 in). It may be recognised by the small leaves, 1–5 cm (0.39–1.97 in) m long, 0.5–3 cm (0.20–1.18 in) wide, with a rounded tip. Flowering occurs between February and March. The fruit is glossy black, usually containing one shining light brown seed. The seed has a lengthwise scar.

Two varieties are recognized:

  • Pouteria cotinifolia var. pubescens
  • Pouteria cotinifolia var. cotinifolia
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