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Princess Elizabeth Land facts for kids

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NASA Landsat SorsdalGlacier Bands432

Princess Elizabeth Land is the sector of Antarctica between longitude 73° east and Cape Penck (at 87°43' east). The sector is claimed by Australia as part of the Australian Antarctic Territory, although this claim is not widely recognized. Princess Elizabeth Land is located between 64°56'S and 90°00'S and between 73°35' E and 87°43'E. It is divided into two sectors:

  • Ingrid Christensen Coast, 73°35'E to 81°24'E
  • Leopold and Astrid Coast, 81°24'E to 87°43'E

It is bounded on the west by Amery Ice Shelf, Mac. Robertson Land, and on the east by Wilhelm II Land.

Princess Elizabeth Land was discovered on 9 February 1931, by the British Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (BANZARE) (1929–31) under Sir Douglas Mawson. Princess Elizabeth Land was named by Mawson after Princess Elizabeth, who later became Queen Elizabeth II.

Even though Australia claims the entirety of this land, it is home to Russian stations including Vostok Station (the coldest place on Earth) and Mirny Station which supplies it.

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