Progressive Judaism, sometimes called Reform Judaism is a movement within Judaism. This movement has its roots in a movement in 19th century Germany. There are a number of movements which fall under these denominations. In very basic terms:
- Jewish laws can be split into ethical and ritual laws. The ethical laws do not change, the ritual laws can be adapted to customs.
- To some extent, Jews should integrate into the society they live in. This means that some of the ritual laws must be adapted. Such adaptations also allow modern lifestyles.
- The texts that are the basis of Judaism should not be read literally. They can be analyzed and criticized like any other text.
- Women are seen as equals to men and are allowed to sit with the men when attending synagogue while in Orthodox Judaism, women are expected to sit in a different area. Women are also allowed to not wear head coverings when attending synagogue.
- Less Hebrew is spoken in Reform synagogues.
- Orthodox Judaism - the stricter movement
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