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Qikiqtaryuaq
Adventure Canada tourists exploring Jenny Lind Island, 2019.jpg
Adventure Canada tourists exploring Jenny Lind Island, 2019
Geography
Location Queen Maud Gulf
Archipelago Arctic Archipelago
Area 420 km2 (160 sq mi)
Highest elevation 80 m (260 ft)
Administration
Canada
Nunavut Nunavut
Region Kitikmeot
Demographics
Population Uninhabited

Qikiqtaryuaq, formerly Jenny Lind Island, for the Swedish born opera singer, Jenny Lind, is a small island 420 km2 (160 sq mi) in the Kitikmeot Region of Nunavut, Canada. The island is located in the Queen Maud Gulf, about 120 km (75 mi) southeast of Cambridge Bay.

The island is the site of CAM-1A (Jenny Lind Island), a former Distant Early Warning Line site and home to the unmanned North Warning System site.

Geography

Sandy shoreline, Jenny Lind Island, 2019
Sandy shoreline, 2019

Characteristics of the terrain include rocky ridges, low-lying wetlands, sedge meadows, and a sandy shoreline.


Fauna

Tourists searching for wildlife on Jenny Lind Island, 2019
Tourists searching for wildlife on Jenny Lind Island, 2019

Qikiqtaryuaq is a Canadian Important Bird Area (#NU088), and a Key Migratory Terrestrial Bird Site. Notable bird species include Canada goose, lesser snow goose, and Ross's goose.

Muskoxen are found in the south east section of the island.

Climate

Climate data for Jenny Lind Island Airport (1961-1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) -5.1
(22.8)
-8.8
(16.2)
-7.8
(18)
2.8
(37)
6.1
(43)
18.3
(64.9)
22.8
(73)
20.6
(69.1)
15.0
(59)
6.0
(42.8)
0.6
(33.1)
-2.8
(27)
22.8
(73)
Average high °C (°F) n/a n/a -26.1
(-15)
-17.3
(0.9)
-5.8
(21.6)
3.2
(37.8)
9.6
(49.3)
7.2
(45)
1.0
(33.8)
-7.5
(18.5)
-19.2
(-2.6)
-25.1
(-13.2)
n/a
Daily mean °C (°F) n/a n/a -29.9
(-21.8)
-21.6
(-6.9)
-9.3
(15.3)
0.7
(33.3)
6.1
(43)
4.5
(40.1)
-0.9
(30.4)
-10.4
(13.3)
-22.7
(-8.9)
−28.6
(-19.5)
n/a
Average low °C (°F) -37.2
(-35)
-37.4
(-35.3)
-34.6
(-30.3)
-26.1
(-15)
-13.0
(8.6)
-1.9
(28.6)
2.6
(36.7)
1.7
(35.1)
-3.0
(26.6)
-13.6
(7.5)
-26.7
(-16.1)
-33.2
(-27.8)
-18.5
(-1.3)
Record low °C (°F) -51.2
(-60.2)
-51.2
(-60.2)
-50.0
(-58)
-43.3
(-45.9)
-30.6
(-23.1)
-17.2
(1)
-2.8
(27)
-7.8
(18)
-16.7
(1.9)
-33.2
(-27.8)
-42.8
(-45)
-47.2
(-53)
-51.2
(-60.2)
Precipitation mm (inches) 2.2
(0.087)
2.4
(0.094)
2.7
(0.106)
3.9
(0.154)
5.9
(0.232)
10.6
(0.417)
19.6
(0.772)
25.9
(1.02)
18.6
(0.732)
14.0
(0.551)
5.5
(0.217)
3.0
(0.118)
114.3
(4.5)
Source: 1961-1990 Environment Canada

History

The island is uninhabited but still has an active North Warning System. Originally part of the Distant Early Warning Line, the site is known as CAM-1.

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