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Queen Lurline
Oz character
First appearance The Tin Woodman of Oz (1918)
Last appearance Time Travelers of Oz (2003)
Created by L. Frank Baum
Aliases Lulea?
Species Fairy
Gender Female
Title Queen of the Fairies
Spouse(s) Pastoria
Children Ozma (daughter)
Relatives Her fairy band; L. Frank Baum said she descends from a long line of fairy Queens

Queen Lurline is a fictional character in the Oz books by L. Frank Baum and other authors.

The name "Lurline" is a variant of Loreley, the Rhine nymph; the name has been used for ships, and has other associations.

Lurline in L. Frank Baum's books

Descriptions in the Oz books

In the Oz mythos, Lurline is first mentioned in The Tin Woodman of Oz. She is the ethereal Queen and creator of the Fairies and is credited with enchanting the Land of Oz centuries ago so that it became a fairy country. Prior to this, Oz was just an ordinary country shut off from the rest of the world by four impassable deserts. After enchanting the country, Lurline left Princess Ozma to rule the country together with King Pastoria.

Lurline is therefore a fundamental ingredient in the backstory or foundation myth of Oz; and as such she recurs in various subsequent Oz books — as in Edward Einhorn's Paradox in Oz — and is at least mentioned in others — from Baum's Glinda of Oz to Dave Hardenbrook's The Unknown Witches of Oz.

Lurline in Gregory Maguire's books

Lurline also appears in Wicked, Gregory Maguire's 1995 revisionist novel set in Oz; she is sometimes called "Lurlina". Maguire's version of Lurline is depicted as the central figure in a pagan religion in Oz. Although faith in the fairy queen Lurline is described as out of fashion, Oz celebrates a winter holiday dedicated to her, known as Lurlinemas. Lurline's followers are sometimes persecuted by believers in one of Oz's other major religions, Unionism, which worships "The Unnamed God."

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