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Rivière des Fermes facts for kids

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Not to be confused with Rivière de la Ferme.
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Rivière des Fermes
RiviereDesFermes.jpg
Rivière des Fermes seen from Rang des Érables.
Country Canada
Province Quebec
Administrative region Chaudière-Appalaches
RCM Robert-Cliche Regional County Municipality, La Nouvelle-Beauce Regional County Municipality
Physical characteristics
Main source Moutain and forested streams
Saint-Frédéric
309 metres (1,014 ft)
River mouth Chaudière River
Saint-Joseph-des-Érables
140 metres (460 ft)
Length 18.8 kilometres (11.7 mi)
Basin features
Progression Chaudière River, St. Lawrence
Tributaries
  • Left:
    (upstream) ruisseau Bas Saint-Antoine, ruisseau Saint-Pierre, rivière à Charles-Henri.
  • Right:
    (upstream) ruisseau Tête de Rouche, ruisseau Marachois, ruisseau Lessard, ruisseau Labbé, cours d'eau Cloutier.

The rivière des Fermes (in English: Ladies River) is a tributary of the west bank of the Chaudière River which flows northward to empty onto the south bank of the St. Lawrence River. It flows in the administrative region of Chaudière-Appalaches, in Quebec, in Canada, in the Robert-Cliche Regional County Municipality (municipalities of Saint-Frédéric and Tring-Jonction) and La Nouvelle-Beauce Regional County Municipality (municipality of Saint-Joseph-des-Érables).

Geography

The main neighboring watersheds of the Fermes river are:

The "Farms River" has its source in the mountainous area in the township of Broughton. This head area is located at the municipal boundary between Saint-Séverin and Saint-Frédéric, at 5.1 kilometres (3.2 mi) to the north-west from the village of Tring-Jonction, at 3.8 kilometres (2.4 mi) south-west of the village of Saint-Séverin, at 6.6 kilometres (4.1 mi) north of the village of East-Broughton and 11.0 kilometres (6.8 mi) west of the Chaudière River.

From its source, the Fermes river flows over 18.8 kilometres (11.7 mi) divided into the following segments:

  • 5.5 kilometres (3.4 mi) southeasterly, in the municipality of Saint-Frédéric, to the limit of the municipality of Tring-Jonction;
  • 1.8 kilometres (1.1 mi) towards the south-east, crossing the village of Tring-Jonction, to the confluence of the Labbé stream (coming from the south-west);
  • 2.9 kilometres (1.8 mi) eastward, up to the limit of Saint-Frédéric;
  • 2.1 kilometres (1.3 mi) northeasterly, to route 276;
  • 1.4 kilometres (0.87 mi) southeasterly, to the limit of the municipality of Saint-Joseph-des-Érables;
  • 1.4 kilometres (0.87 mi) eastward, again crossing route 276 and crossing the "Louisette waterfall", to the confluence of the Marachois stream (coming from the southwest);
  • 2.7 kilometres (1.7 mi) north-east, to the road along the Chaudière River on the west bank;
  • 1.0 kilometre (0.62 mi) eastward, up to its confluence.

The Fermes river empties on the west bank of the Chaudière River, in Saint-Joseph-des-Érables. This confluence is located opposite the northern part of the village of Saint-Joseph-de-Beauce and upstream from the bridge in the village of Vallée-Jonction.

Toponymy

Site historique du moulin des Fermes
Site of the old seigneurial mill.

About a kilometer from its confluence, the course of the river crosses the rapids of important rapids. A mill had been erected at this place Lord Joseph de Fleury de La Gorgendière; the latter did not live in his seigneury of Beauce, preferring to live in his manor of Deschambault. All around is the site of the "Grandes Fermes", the local appellation attributed to the whole of the lord's own domain.

A farm road, extended by a Saint-Louis range to the limits of the seigneury, climbs the hill and allows you to reach the site of the waterfall and the foundations of the seigneurial mill. The latter was demolished in 1962. Then a campground was built on the site. The toponym "Rivière des Fermes" is often attested in documents since the end of XVIIIth Century and, on maps, at least since 1878.

The toponym "rivière des Fermes" was made official on December 5, 1968 at the Commission de toponymie du Québec.

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