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Thermoplasma
Scientific classification
Domain:
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Class:
Thermoplasmata
Order:
Thermoplasmatales
Family:
Thermoplasmataceae
Genus:
Thermoplasma

Darland et al. 1970
Species
  • T. acidophilum
  • T. volcanium

In taxonomy, Thermoplasma is a genus of the Thermoplasmataceae.

Thermoplasma is a genus of archaea. It belongs to the Thermoplasmata, which thrive in acidic and high-temperature environments. Thermoplasma are facultative anaerobes and respire using sulfur and organic carbon. They do not contain a cell wall but instead contain a unique membrane composed mainly of a tetraether lipoglycan containing atypical archaeal tetraether lipid attached to a glucose- and mannose-containing oligosaccharide. This lipoglycan is presumably responsible for the acid and thermal stability of the Thermoplasma membrane.

Currently the genus Thermoplasma contains two species, T. acidophilum and T. volcanium.

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