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Thomas Hockley House
U.S. Historic district
Contributing property
HockleyHouse.jpg
Thomas Hockley House, in 1973, HABS.
Location 235 S. 21st Street,
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania,
United States
Built 1875
Architect Frank Furness
Architectural style Victorian, Modern Gothic
Part of Walnut–Chancellor Historic District
NRHP reference No. 80003605
Designated CP December 1, 1980

The Thomas Hockley House (1875) is a Victorian city house in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, designed by architect Frank Furness. Located west of Rittenhouse Square, it is a contributing property in the Walnut–Chancellor Historic District.

History

Thomas Hockley was a childhood friend of Furness, a fellow Civil War veteran, and an early supporter of the architect's career. The house was built on a lot bordered by South 21st, Chancellor and St. James Streets, which allowed for windows on all sides. It is ostensibly Victorian in style, albeit with patterned brick and other features that are innovations by Furness. The exterior is polychromatic, in a dark palette of brownstone, brick red, gray granite and dark gray slate, with black accents in the belt courses and cornice. The entrance porch is carved out of the house's southeast corner—its twin Moorish arches (at right angles) rest upon compressed columns, with a brownstone bas-relief of an abstracted sunflower above each portal. Another abstracted sunflower is carved into the tympanum over the box window. The main chimney is brick and cantilevers out from the south wall, then flares out at its top.

The unique entrance to the house of Thomas Hockley, ... never fails to attract attention. The building is of pressed brick, superimposed upon a seven foot basement of red Hummlestown sandstone. The lines are defined with black encaustic brick. The roof is compound mansard with Gothic windows and a large overhanging bay-window is sprung from the front at the second story. Furness and Evans were the architects. — "Some Novel Houses," The Philadelphia Press, July 5, 1875, p. 12.

In terms of materials, detailing and palette, the Hockley House is closely related to Furness & Hewitt's Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts (1871–76), which was approaching completion in 1875. PAFA also features Moorish arches, a slate mansard roof, a brownstone base, polychromatic patterned brick, and abstracted botanical reliefs over the double windows of its Broad Street façade and Cherry Street entrance porch. PAFA's porch is also carved out of the building.

The Philadelphia house influenced the design of other houses, including the Hervey Bates mansion in Indianapolis, Indiana (1876, demolished 1963), designed by William Le Baron Jenney.

Following Hockley's 1892 death, the house was bought by Mrs. Albonia Whartenby, who hired Furness, Evans & Company in 1894, to alter its interiors and add a rear addition. It was later converted into apartments.

Hockley Row

Allen Evans, who had been an architect in Furness & Hewitt's office in 1875 when the Hockley House was built, designed a row of four houses adjacent to it in 1883. By then he was a full partner in Furness & Evans, and his father was the project's client. Evans designed the house at 237 S. 21st Street as his own residence; the houses at 239 and 241 S. 21st Street and the corner house at 2049 Locust Street were speculative properties that his family sold off.

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