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Vibrio cholerae facts for kids

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Vibrio cholerae
Vibrio cholerae.jpg
Transmission electron microscope image
Scientific classification
Gamma Proteobacteria
Binomial name
Vibrio cholerae
Pacini 1854

Vibrio cholerae is a bacterium causing the disease cholera. It is part of the genus Vibrio, in the family Vibrionaceae.

The bacterium's natural habitat is brackish or saltwater where they attach themselves easily to the chitin-containing shells of crabs, shrimps, and other shellfish. Some strains of V. cholerae cause the disease cholera, which can be derived from the consumption of undercooked or raw marine life species.

It is usually spread by unsafe food and water so is highly contagious.

Preventive Measures

Suspected Source of Cholera- Waste Water - Nigeria (16436898133)
Children in Mpape community play in a waste water drainage area. This drainage was the suspected source of contamination of the well water that led to the cholera outbreak investigated by Nigeria FELTP residents in April 2014. Two samples collected from home wells around this drainage tested positive for Vibrio Cholerae.

When visiting areas with epidemic cholera, the following precautions should be observed: drink and use bottled water; frequently wash hands with soap and safe water; use chemical toilets or bury feces if no restroom is available; do not defecate in any body of water and cook food thoroughly. Supplying proper, safe water is important. A precaution to take is to properly sanitize. Hand hygiene is an essential in areas where soap and water is not available. When there is no sanitation available for hand washing, scrub hands with ash or sand and rinse with clean water. There is a V. cholerae vaccine available to prevent disease spread.

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