Vostok 1 facts for kids
Model of the Vostok spacecraft
|Operator||Soviet space program|
|Harvard designation||1961 Mu 1|
|Mission duration||1 hour, 48 minutes|
|Manufacturer||Experimental Design Bureau OKB-1|
|Launch mass||4,725 kg (10,417 lb)|
|Landing mass||2,400 kg (5,290 lb)|
|Dimensions||2.30 m (7 ft 6.5 in) diameter|
|Callsign||Кедр (Kedr – Siberian pine)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||April 12, 1961, 06:07UTC|
|Launch site||Baikonur 1/5
|End of mission|
|Landing date||April 12, 1961, 07:55UTC|
|Perigee||169 km (91 nmi)|
|Apogee||327 km (177 nmi)|
|Epoch||April 12, 1961|
Yuri Gagarin in Sweden
Vostok 1 (Russian: Восто́к, East or Orient 1) was the first flight to take a human into space. It used a Vostok 3KA spacecraft, and was launched on April 12, 1961. It took into space Yuri Gagarin, a cosmonaut from the Soviet Union. The Vostok 1 mission was the first time a person went into outer space and the first time anyone had entered into orbit. The flight made one orbit and lasted for 1 hour, 48 minutes. The Vostok 1 was launched by the Soviet space program and made by the Soviet rocket scientists Sergey Korolyov and Kerim Kerimov.
The Vostok spacecraft weighed 4.73 t (10,400 lb), was 4.4 m (14 ft) long and 2.43 m (8.0 ft) in diameter. The cosmonaut flew inside a spherical module. He sat on a seat which was also an ejection seat which allowed the cosmonaut to escape from the spacecraft. The flight was simple, the cosmonaut was simply a passenger. There were controls for use in an emergency. The spacecraft had a food locker, radio, an experiment cabinet, and a round window. Gagarin ejected from the spacecraft after re-entry and landed by parachute.
There were six manned Vostok flights, the last one, Vostok 6, carried Valentina Tereshkova, the first woman to go into space on June 16, 1963.
Images for kids
Vostok 1 Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.